Radical Democracy (Chile)

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For the theoretical use, see Radical democracy.
Radical Democracy
Democracia Radical
Leaders Julio Durán,
Julio Illanes,
Alfonso Quintana
Founded November 22, 1969 (1969-11-22)
Dissolved July 17, 1990 (1990-07-17)
Split from Radical Party
Merged into National Democracy of Centre
Headquarters Santiago de Chile
Ideology Radicalism
Social liberalism
Classical liberalism
Anti-communism
Political position Centre-right
National affiliation Confederation of Democracy (1972–73)
International affiliation None
Colors              Blue, red, white
Slogan Un partido de centro, con raíces en la historia

The Radical Democracy (Spanish: Democracia Radical, DR), was a Chilean political party positioned Centre-right. The party, created in 1969, was dissolved in 1973, to reappear in 1983 before disbanding permanently in 1990.

The party was composed of Radicals, opposed to the presidential candidacy of the Marxist Salvador Allende. It represented the anti-communist sector of the Radicals that separated themselves permanently from the Radical Party. The group was initially known as the Movement for Democratic Unity. It supported the presidential candidacy of independent right-winger Jorge Alessandri in 1970.

A firm opponent to Salvador Allende, Radical Democracy took part in the parliamentary elections of 1973 as part of the anti-Allende CODE coalition. The party supported the military coup of 1973, voluntarily complying with its own dissolution that same year. Among its most notable members were Julio Durán Neumann (presidential candidate for Radical Party in 1964), Domingo Duran, Ángel Faivovich, Julio Mercado, and Rafael Señoret.

Unlike its pre-1973 period, the match was reduced due to the departure of some iconic militants. Ángel Faivovich and Germán Picó Cañas entered the National Labour Front, a movement that later became the National Renewal. Other members, such as former deputy Julio Mercado Illanes, returned to the central trunk of the Radical Party.

In late 1988 it created the short-lived Democratic Confederation (Confederación Democrática) with the National Party (a faction that supported Pinochet), the Liberal Democrat Party of Chile, the Social Democrat Party, the National Advance, the Democratic Party of Chile, the Free Democratic Centre and the Civic Committees. The confederation disappeared in 1989 during negotiations for parliamentary candidates that year.[1]

In 1989 the party supported the presidential candidacy of Hernán Büchi, who was supported by the Democracy and Progress pact. Despite this, he did not go into this coalition and had to participate in an electoral alliance with the National Advance nationalist party called Alliance of Centre, leading candidates for deputy and senator for some regions. Because scored less than 5% of the voting of deputies required by law, the party was declared in dissolution, which was corrected when it merged with National Advance and the National Party in the National Democracy of Centre party, in May 1990.

Electoral results[edit]

Election year (Total MPs) Seats in Parliament Number of votes Percent of the vote
1973 (150) 2 83,328 2.3
1989 (120) 0 28,575 0.42

Presidential candidates[edit]

The following is a list of the presidential candidates supported by the Radical Democracy Party. (Information gathered from the Archive of Chilean Elections).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La loca carrera de los candidatos". Apsi (in Spanish). 19 December 1988. Retrieved 23 July 2016.