Rancho Corral de Piedra

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Rancho Corral de Piedra
Corral de Piedra panorama facing southeast.JPG
Corral de Piedra panorama facing southeast
Rancho Corral de Piedra is located in California
Rancho Corral de Piedra
Rancho Corral de Piedra
Nearest citySan Luis Obispo
Coordinates35°12′00″N 120°34′12″W / 35.200°N 120.570°W / 35.200; -120.570Coordinates: 35°12′00″N 120°34′12″W / 35.200°N 120.570°W / 35.200; -120.570
Area30,911-acre (125.09 km2)
NRHP reference #78000766
Added to NRHPMay 22, 1978[1]

Rancho Corral de Piedra was a 30,911-acre (125.09 km2) Mexican land grant in present day San Luis Obispo County, California consisting of two square leagues given in 1841 by Governor Juan B. Alvarado to José María Villavicencio, with an extension of five square leagues given in 1846, by Governor Pio Pico. [2] The grant was located between present day San Luis Obispo and Arroyo Grande, and bounded on the south by Arroyo Grande Creek.[3][4]


José María Teodoro Villavicencio (1800–1853), called for brevity Villa, was the grandson of Rafael de Jesus Villavicencio (a soldier and member of the Portola expedition) and Maria Ildefonsa Berges. José María Villavicencio retired as captain of the militia at Monterey, and was administrator at Mission San Antonio and Mission San Fernando. Villavicencio first married Maria Gertrudis Briones (1802 to 1832) the daughter of Jose Manuel Briones (1774 to 1849) and Maria Raymunda Buelna (1780 to 1808). After Maria Gertrudis death he remarried to Maria Francisca Rafaela Elisabet o Ysabel Rodriguez (1814 to aft.1880?) the daughter of Sebastian Rodríguez grantee of Rancho Bolsa del Pajaro and Maria Perfecta Pacheco. His brother, Rafael Jose Serapio Villavicencio was the grantee of Rancho San Geronimo.

With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored. As required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho Corral de Piedra was filed with the Public Land Commission in 1852,[5] and the grant was patented to José María Villavicencio in 1867.[6]

When José María Villavicencio died in 1853, he left the rancho to his seven children. In 1860, his widow Rafaela borrowed money from her brother Jacinto Rodriguez. In 1866, Rodríguez convinced the heirs to sell him the entire rancho, which he sold to dairymen George Steele and his brothers Edgar W., Isaac C., and Rensselaer E. Steele.[7] In 1867, the heirs decided that the sale to Rodríguez was not legal, and sold six-sevenths of the rancho to George Alexander.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
  3. ^ Diseño del Rancho Corral de Piedra
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rancho Corral de Piedra
  5. ^ United States. District Court (California : Southern District) Land Case 45 SD
  6. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886 Archived 2013-03-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Catherine Baumgarten Steele, The Steele Brothers: Pioneers in California's Great Dairy Industry, California Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Sep., 1941), pp. 259-273
  8. ^ Villa v. Rodriguez, U.S. Supreme Court, 79 U.S. 12 Wall. 323 323 (1870)