Ratimir, Duke of Lower Pannonia

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Duke of Lower Pannonia[1]
Duke [of Lower Pannonia] fl. 829–838
Religion Slavic
Occupation Bulgar vassal

Ratimir (Latin: Ratimarus)[a] was a Slavic prince that ruled the Duchy of Lower Pannonia[1] as a Bulgar vassal between ca. 829 to 838. His origin is unknown.

In 827, the Bulgars under Great Khan Omurtag invaded and conquered Lower Pannonia and parts of Frankish territories to the north. In 829 the Bulgars imposed a local Slavic prince, Ratimir, as the new ruler of Pannonia. His province is believed to have been the territory of Roman Pannonia Savia,[2] and is known in modern historiography as Lower Pannonia; earlier, Sigismund Calles (1750) called him "Slavic duke of the Drava".[3]

In 838, nine years later, following the Bulgarian conquest of Macedonia, the Danubian count Radbod, prefect of the East March, deposed Ratimir and restored Frankish rule in Pannonia. Ratimir fled the land, and the Franks instated Slavic princes Pribina and Kocel as rulers of Pannonia.

Unlike his predecessors, Ratimir experienced a rift in relations with the Christian Byzantine Empire.[4]

According to the South Slavic Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja, rejected by historians, one of Ratimir's descendants was Svatopluk.[5] According to modern Croatian historiography, Ratimir was a Croat prince.


  1. ^ His name is derived from the Slavic words rat ("war") and mir ("peace"). His name is also spelled Ratimar.



  • Luthar, Oto (2008). The Land Between: A History of Slovenia. Peter Lang. pp. 104–. ISBN 978-3-631-57011-1. From there his path was soon to lead him to the Slavic prince, Ratimir, successor to the rebellious Louis of Lower Pannonia. This meant he was once more on territory controlled by the Franks and under the jurisdiction of Ratbod, the prefect. 
  • Annales regni Francorum inde ab a. 741 usque ad a. 829, qui dicuntur Annales Laurissenses maiores et Einhardi. Herausgegeben von Friedrich Kurze. XX und 204 S. 8°. 1895. Printed in 1950.
  • Rudolf Horvat, History of Croatia I. (from ancient times to year 1657), Zagreb, 1924. (hr.)
  • Nada Klaić, History of Croats in Early Middle Ages, Zagreb, 1975. (hr.)

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