Ravindra Kaushik

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Ravindra Kaushik
Former RAW agent Ravinder Kaushik
Former RAW agent Ravinder Kaushik
Born(1952-04-11)11 April 1952[1]
Died2001 (aged 48–49)[2]
Cause of deathTuberculosis, Cardiovascular disease
Other namesNabi Ahmed Shakir, "Black Tiger"
Alma materUniversity of Karachi
OccupationIntelligence agent (India), Major (Pakistan)
Years active1975-1983
Known forIndian spy for RAW
Criminal penaltyLife imprisonment

Ravindra Kaushik (a.k.a. Nabi Ahmed Shakir; 11 April 1952 – November 2001) was an alleged Indian Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) agent who lived undercover in Pakistan before he was jailed and would die while incarcerated.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Ravindra Kaushik was born in Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan on April 11, 1952. He also did his graduation from there.[1]

Research and Analysis Wing[edit]

Kaushik displayed his talent at the national level dramatic meet in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, which was witnessed by officials from the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), India's external intelligence agency. He was contacted and offered a job of being an undercover Indian agent in Pakistan. Kaushik was given extensive training in Delhi for two years. He underwent circumcision so he could pass as a Muslim. He was taught Urdu, given religious education and acquainted with the topography and other details about Pakistan. Being from Sri Ganganagar, a city near Rajasthan's border with Punjab, he was well versed in Punjabi, which is spoken in parts of Pakistan.[3] In 1975, at the age of 23, Kaushik was sent to Pakistan on a mission.[2][1][4]

Activities in Pakistan[edit]

Kaushik was given the name "Nabi Ahmed Shakir" and entered Pakistan in 1975.[3] He was successful in getting admission in Karachi University and completed his LLB. He joined Pakistan Army and became a commissioned officer and later was promoted to the rank of a Major.[3][2] He converted to Islam, married a local girl named Amanat, the daughter of a tailor in one of the army units, and fathered a boy who died in 2012–2013.[3][5]

From 1979 to 1983, while in military service, he passed on valuable information to RAW which was of great help to the Indian defence forces. He was given the title of 'Black Tiger' by India's then home minister S.B. Chavan.[6]

Death and aftermath[edit]

In September 1983, Indian intelligence agencies sent a low level operative, Inyat Masih, to get in touch with Kaushik. However, Masih was caught by Pakistan's intelligence agencies and revealed Kaushik's true identity.[2] Kaushik was then captured, tortured for two years at an interrogation centre in Sialkot. He was given the death sentence in 1985. His sentence was later commuted to a life term by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. He was kept in various jails in various cities, including Sialkot, Kot Lakhpat and in Mianwali jail for 16 years.[3] He managed to secretly send letters to his family in India, which revealed his poor health condition and the trauma faced by him in Pakistani jails.[2]

In November 2001, he succumbed to pulmonary tuberculosis and heart disease in Central Jail Mianwali in Punjab, Pakistan. Indian government refused to own him.[2]

Ravindra's family claimed that the story line of the famous Bollywood flick "Ek Tha Tiger" released in the year 2012 was based on the life of Ravindra and asked for the credit in the movie titles for Ravindra.[4]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • S Hussain Zaidi; Brijesh Singh (2018). Dangerous Minds: Eight Riveting Profiles of Homegrown Terrorists: Eight Riveting Profiles of Homegrown Terrorists. Penguin Random House. pp. 61–63. ISBN 978-93-86495-99-0.
  • Presley Thomas (6 December 2009). "The real life behind a 2002 spy thriller". Hindustan Times.


  1. ^ a b c "Salman Khan's new movie in controversy again". Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "India's forgotten spy – Agent's family fights an impossible battle". Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Late spy's kin fight for reel life credit". Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  4. ^ a b "Dead RAW agent's nephew takes Salman's Ek Tha Tiger producers to court". Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  5. ^ "The real life behind a 2002 spy thriller". Hindustan Times. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Ek Tha Tiger: Not Salman Khan, meet the real Indian Tiger!". Retrieved 17 Aug 2012.