Red-breasted flycatcher

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Red-breasted flycatcher
Red brested flycatcher by David Raju (cropped).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Ficedula
F. parva
Binomial name
Ficedula parva
(Bechstein, 1792)
Range of F. parva
   Extant & Origing uncertain (non breeding)

The red-breasted flycatcher (Ficedula parva) is a small passerine bird in the Old World flycatcher family. It breeds in eastern Europe and across Central Asia and is migratory, wintering in south Asia. It is a regular passage migrant in western Europe, whereas the collared flycatcher which breeds further east is rare. This is because of the different migration direction.

Red Breasted Flycatcher (M) by Digvijay Gaikwad [D14 PHOTOGRAPHY™], Nashik, Maharashtra, India
Male bird
Male red-breasted flycatcher in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
Red-breasted flycatcher, Nature Park, Mohali, Punjab

The Asian species Ficedula albicilla, previously considered a subspecies of the red-breasted flycatcher, has the red throat surrounded by grey and a different song. It is usually now separated as the taiga flycatcher (Pallas, 1811).

The breeding male of this small 11–12 cm long flycatcher is mainly brown above and white below, with a grey head and orange throat. The bill is black and has the broad but pointed shape typical of aerial insectivores. As well as taking insects in flight, this species hunts caterpillars amongst the oak foliage, and will take berries. The base of the outertail feather is white and the tail is often flicked upwards as they perch looking out for insect prey which are caught on the wing or sometimes from the ground. In winter they are mostly silent but have a typical chip-chip-chr-rrr flycatcher call. In their breeding season, the song consists of melodious whistles, like that of the European pied flycatcher.

Non-breeding males, females and juveniles have brown heads and lack the throat collar, but are easily distinguished from other Ficedula flycatchers on size and the wheatear-like tail pattern, with an inverted dark T against the white tail sides.

They are found mainly deciduous woodlands, especially near water. They build an open nest in a tree hole or similar recess. 4–7 eggs are laid.

Studies on their spring arrivals to the breeding quarters in Poland from 1973–2002 show that males are returning earlier with increasing temperatures.[2]

The genus name is from Latin and refers to a small fig-eating bird (ficus, "fig") supposed to change into the blackcap in winter. The specific parva is Latin for "small".[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International. (2018). "Ficedula parva". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22735909A132037161. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22735909A132037161.en. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  2. ^ Cezary Mitrus; Tim H. Sparks & Piotr Tryjanowski (2005). "First evidence of phenological change in a transcontinental migrant overwintering in the Indian sub-continent: the Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva" (PDF). Ornis Fennica. 82: 13–19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-19.
  3. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, United Kingdom: Christopher Helm. pp. 167, 293. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4..

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