Reinforced thermoplastic pipe
Reinforced thermoplastic pipe (RTP) is a generic term referring to a reliable high strength synthetic fibre (such as glass, aramid or carbon), initially developed in the early 1990s by Wavin Repox, Akzo Nobel and by Tubes d'Aquitaine from France, who developed the first pipes reinforced with synthetic fibre to replace medium pressure steel pipes in response to growing demand for non-corrisive conduits for application in the onshore oil and gas industry, particularly in the Middle East.
Typically, the materials used in the construction of the pipe might be Polyethylene (PE), Polyamide-11 or PVDF and may be reinforced with Aramid or Polyester fibre although other combinations are used.
More recently the technology of producing such pipe, including the marketing, rests with a few key companies, one of which is Pipelife with Soluforce where it is available in coils up to 400 m (1,312 ft) length. These pipes are available in pressure ratings from 30 to 90 bar (3 to 9 MPa; 435 to 1,305 psi). Over the last few years this type of pipe has been acknowledged as a standard alternative solution to steel for oilfield flowline applications by certain oil companies and operators. The great advantage of this pipe is also its very fast installation time compared to steel pipe when considering the welding time as average speeds up to 1,000 m (3,281 ft)/day have been reached installing RTP in ground surface.
Primarily, the pipe provides benefit to applications where steel may rupture due to corrosion and installation time is an issue.
Technology and history
The idea of synthetic fibre reinforced pipe has origins in the flexible hose and offshore industry where it has been frequently used for applications such as control lines in umbilicals and production flowlines for over 30 years. However, the commercialisation and realisation of a competitive product for the onshore oil industry came from a partnership between Akzo Nobel (supplier of Aramid fibre) and Wavin Repox (manufacturer of reinforced thermoset pipes), where Bert Dalmolen initiated a project to develop such a pipe. He was later employed by Pipelife where a state of the art production line was developed to produce RTP. Pipelife also developed a pipe reinforced with steel wire to achieve even higher pressure ratings of over 150 bar (15 MPa; 2,176 psi) using steel reinforcement. Mr Chevrier (Tubes d'Aquitaine) also developed machinery that could produce such pipes, but was not successful in commercialising RTP.
- Tubes d'Aquitaine - Inventor of RTPs
- Different materials for RTP - CEAC Automated Dynamics
- Bert Dalmolen (2006). "Reinforced thermoplastic pipe: standardised composite solution for oilfield flowlines" (PDF). Petromin (October): 30–37. Archived from the original (– Scholar search) on 2007-10-08.
- Soluforce (2006). "Soluforce lays Sumatra pipeline in a jiffy" (PDF). PetroMin (December): 32–34. Archived from the original (– Scholar search) on 2007-10-08.
- K-M acquires reinforced pipe technology
- Kraus-Maffei (2005). "Hochdruckrohre wirtschaftlich fertigen" (PDF). Extrusion 5: 24–27.
- PhD Thesis - Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipes, 1998, Dr Ben Chapman, BSc (Hons), PhD[dead link]
- Pipeline Report (1996). "Test confirm polyethylene pipe for high-pressure oil, gas service". Oil&Gas Journal (Sept, 9): 52–55.
- Helmut Lührsen (2001). "Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipes (RTP)" (PDF). 3R international 40: 48–49. (1.01 MiB)
- Pipelife (2004). "Fiber Reinforced Plastic Pipe Vies With Steel" (PDF). Pipeline & Gas Journal (December). (0.51 MiB)
- Robert Eckert (2005). "Neuartige Verbindungstechnik für faserverstarkte Kunststofrohren in Hochdrukanwendungen" (PDF). 3R international 44: 266–268. (0.16 MiB)
- "JIP proposal 1999 from Newcastle University" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-07-17.
- PDF (327 KiB)
- ASTM Standard for RTP WK11803[dead link]
- "API Qualification of RTP API RP 15S]" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28.
- Integrated RTP Service Life Simulation
- Soluforce homepage