Reintegrative shaming

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In criminology, the reintegrative shaming theory emphasizes the importance of shame in criminal punishment. The theory holds that punishments should focus on the offender's behavior rather than characteristics of the offender. It was developed by Australian criminologist John Braithwaite at Australian National University in 1989.[1][2][3][4][5] It is related to the emerging perspective of positive criminology, developed by the Israeli criminologist Natti Ronel and his research team.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Site locations changed" (PDF). 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Braithwaite, John (1989). Crime, Shame, and Reintegration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-35668-7. 
  4. ^ "Quote of the Day". 
  5. ^ Sgt. H. Allen Campbell and Andrew C. Revering (April 2002). "Holding Kids Accountable: Shaming with Compassion". Reclaiming Children and Youth. THE INTERNATIONAL CHILD AND YOUTH CARE NETWORK (39). ISSN 1089-5701.