Renard R.36

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Renard R.36.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Renard
Designer Alfred Renard
First flight 5 November 1937

The Renard R.36 was a Belgian all-metal fighter aircraft designed to replace the Fairey Firefly II within the Belgian Air Force. Designed to improve on the Renard Epervier, which was never adopted by the Belgian government, the prototype R.36 first flew on 5 November 1937.[1] Following testing the R.36 was approved by the Belgian Air Force in late 1938, with 40 aircraft provisionally ordered, to be delivered in two years.[2] However, on 17 January 1939 the prototype, OO-ARW, crashed near Nivelles, killing pilot Lt. Viscount Eric de Spoelberch. The official investigation was inconclusive, no evidence of material failure being discovered, with the most probable causes being radio equipment coming loose during a high-G manoeuvre, jamming the controls, or the pilot becoming incapacitated. The airframe had accumulated 75:30 hours' flight time. The order was then dropped in favour of licence production of the Hawker Hurricane by SABCA.[3]


Single-seat fighter powered by a 910hp (679kW) Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs engine, one built.
Former unfinished R.36 evaluation aircraft completed with a 1100hp (823kW) Gnome-Rhône 14N-21 radial engine, one aircraft captured by German forces in May 1940.
Another former unfinished R.36 aircraft completed with a 1030hp (771kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin II, first flown on 4 August 1939 and had a top speed of 326 miles per hour (525 km/h)), one built evacuated to France but captured by German forces.
Former unfinished R.36 aircraft completed with a Merlin engine following French interest, not finished and components captured by German forces.
Twin fuselage variant of the R.36 similar to the F-82 Twin Mustang. Armament would have been doubled that of the R-36.
Renard R.37




Renard R-38.svg

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.80m (28 ft 10½ in)
  • Wingspan: 11.64 m (38 ft 2¼ in)
  • Height: 2.90m (9 ft 6⅛ in)
  • Wing area: 20.00m2 (215.28 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 1,770 kg (3,902 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 2,470 kg (5,445 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × 910hp Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs 12-cylinder Vee-type liquid cooled, 678 kW (910 hp)



  • Guns: 1 × engine mounted 20-mm cannon, 4 × wing-mounted 7.7m machine guns


  1. ^ de Wulf 1977, p.186.
  2. ^ de Wulf 1977, pp.186-187.
  3. ^ de Wulf 1977, p.187.
  • de Wulf, Herman, "Renard's Neutrality Fighters", Air International. April 1977, Volume 12, Number 4. Bromley, Kent, UK: Fine Scroll. pp. 185–188.
  • William Green and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Colour Library Direct, Godalming, UK: 1994. ISBN 1-85833-777-1.

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