Retroperitoneal bleeding

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Retroperitoneal bleeding
Other namesRetroperitoneal hematoma, retroperitoneal hemorrhage
Transverse section, showing the relations of the capsule of the kidney. (Peritoneum is labeled at center right. Retroperitoneal space is behind peritoneum.)
SpecialtyGeneral surgery

Retroperitoneal bleeding refers to an accumulation of blood found in the retroperitoneal space. It can be traumatic or non-traumatic (spontaneous) with signs and symptoms of flank or abdominal pain, hematuria and shock.[1][2] Most common cases occur in traumas with automobile accidents and falls leading the causes, with less common non traumatic causes including the following:


  1. ^ Phillips, Courtney K; Lepor, Herbert (2006). "Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Caused by Segmental Arterial Mediolysis". Reviews in Urology. 8 (1): 36–40. ISSN 1523-6161. PMC 1471764. PMID 16985559.
  2. ^ Wang, Fengbiao; Wang, Fang (April 2013). "The diagnosis and treatment of traumatic retroperitoneal hematoma". Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 29 (2): 573–576. doi:10.12669/pjms.292.3168. ISSN 1682-024X. PMC 3809226. PMID 24353579.
  3. ^ John P. McGahan; Barry B. Goldberg (January 2008). Diagnostic ultrasound. Informa Health Care. pp. 772–. ISBN 978-1-4200-6978-5. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  4. ^ Anastasiou, Ioannis; Katafigiotis, Ioannis; Pournaras, Christos; Fragkiadis, Evangelos; Leotsakos, Ioannis; Mitropoulos, Dionysios; Constantinides, Constantinos A. (2013). "A Cough Deteriorating Gross Hematuria: A Clinical Sign of a Forthcoming Life-Threatening Rupture of an Intraparenchymal Aneurysm of Renal Artery (Wunderlich's Syndrome)". Case Reports in Vascular Medicine. 2013: 1–3. doi:10.1155/2013/452317. PMID 23864981.
  5. ^ Marilyn J. Siegel (1 November 2007). Pediatric Body CT. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 353–. ISBN 978-0-7817-7540-3. Retrieved 20 April 2010.

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