Poma obtained an industrial engineering degree from Princeton University in 1967 and an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1970. When he returned to El Salvador, Ricardo joined the family business; he took the reins of the conglomerate from his father Luis Poma in the 1980´s. Nowadays, Ricardo Poma's three sons and two nephews are part of the family conglomerate participating in the different business divisions (including eldest son Fernando Poma); his younger brother Ernesto Poma is part of Transal, the company’s Miami division.
Ricardo Poma dedicates a significant amount of his time to social projects and institutions, such as the Salvadoran Foundation for Health and Human Development (FUSAL), the Advanced School of Business and Economics (ESEN) and Fundacion Poma, focusing on culture, education and health programs in El Salvador and Central America. He is also a member of the President's Leadership Council of the Inter-American Dialogue.
- Balcáceres, Pablo; Ibarra, Leonel (9 December 2015). "Grupo Poma, el valor de la cultura corporativa". El Economista (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 16 March 2016.
- "Ricardo Poma, ganador de "La Palma de Oro"". El Diario de Hoy. 2 October 2001. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016.
- "Inter-American Dialogue | Ricardo Poma". www.thedialogue.org. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
- Tanfani, Joseph; Mason, Melanie; Gold, Matea (9 July 2012). "Bain Capital started with help of offshore investors". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016.