Richard Robert Fairbairn

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Richard Robert James Fairbairn (27 May 1867 – 14 October 1941) [1] was a British tramways and bus manager, Justice of the Peace and Liberal Party politician.

Personal life and career[edit]

Richard Robert Fairbairn was the son of a London labour leader,[2] probably Mr R R Fairbairn who was sometime President of the Amalgamated Society of Watermen, Lightermen and Bargemen.[3] He was educated in Toronto, Canada and after becoming a manager of tramway and omnibus undertakings in London and Birmingham, he settled in Worcester to manage the Tramway Company there. He married and had six sons and three daughters.[4] During the First World War, Fairbairn was Food Transport Officer for the Midlands [5] and Midland Road Transport Officer.[6] He later served as chairman of the Board of Commissioners for the River Severn.[7]

Political life[edit]

Fairbairn seems to have inherited his interest in politics from his father but the son worked in the Liberal interest. He served as Secretary of the Worcester Liberal Association,[8] was a political agent and canvasser in the town and became a member of Worcester Council.[9]

Fairbairn first stood for Parliament at the general election of December 1910 when he contested his home constituency of Worcester. He decreased the Unionist majority but failed to get elected.[10]

In all, Fairbairn fought Worcester eight times for the Liberals. In 1918 the sitting Conservative was endorsed by the Coalition government and presumably received the Coalition Coupon, increasing his majority over Fairbairn.[11] At the 1922 general election however, Fairbairn achieved his only Parliamentary success. Although he faced a new Conservative candidate rather than the established MP of many years, Fairbairn managed to turn a Unionist majority of 4,554 into a Liberal majority of 773.[12] His Conservative opponent, the Hon. Henry Lygon, a scion of a well-known Worcestershire family, had been seen as a strong candidate for his party but it was reported that the Tories had been overconfident and internally divided,[13] and they seem to have paid the price.

In 1923, Fairbairn faced yet another new face for the Conservatives at Worcester, Australian born Crawford Green. Despite the revival in the country that the Liberal Party achieved in this election, now re-united around the traditional Liberal policy of Free trade,[14] Green took the seat by a majority of 1,228 votes.[15]

Fairbairn was certainly persistent in his desire to represent Worcester again for the Liberals. He contested the general election there in 1924, 1929, 1931 and 1935. He held second place to the Conservatives each time except for 1929 when Labour overtook him but never came close to regaining his seat.[16]

Death[edit]

Fairbairn died on 14 October 1941 while holding the office of Mayor of Worcester [17] and having been granted the Freedom of the City in July that year.[18] One academic has argued that by maintaining second position in the polls for the party in the face of any Labour challenge, Fairbairn ensured that Liberalism remained alive in Worcester at a time when the party was seen as increasingly irrelevant elsewhere.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
  2. ^ The Times, 16 November 1922 p6
  3. ^ The Times, 5 November 1891 p11
  4. ^ Who was Who, OUP, 2007
  5. ^ The Times, 16 November 1922 p6
  6. ^ Who was Who, OUP, 2007
  7. ^ The Times, 3 September 1929 p21
  8. ^ The Times, 16 November 1922 p6
  9. ^ The Times, 22 August 1906 p4
  10. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1911; Politico’s Publishing, 2004 p58
  11. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1919; Politico’s Publishing, 2004 p42
  12. ^ The Times, 16 November 1922 p6
  13. ^ The Times, 23 November 1923 p15
  14. ^ Chris Cook, A Short History of the Liberal Party, 1900-1992; Macmillan, 1993 pp93-94
  15. ^ The Times, 7 December 1923 p6
  16. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949 p284
  17. ^ Worcestershire Record Office, Report of the County Archivist, Vols 26-30; 1970 p2
  18. ^ Denise Mylechreest, A Singular Liberal, Richard Robert Fairbairn and Worcester Politics, 1899-1941; MA Thesis, University of Coventry, 2007 p180
  19. ^ Denise Mylechreest, A Singular Liberal,p1
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Edward Goulding
Member of Parliament for Worcester
19221923
Succeeded by
Crawford Greene