Rivière-au-Tonnerre, Quebec

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Rivière-au-Tonnerre
Municipality
Riviere au tonnerre.jpg
Rivière-au-Tonnerre is located in Côte-Nord Region Quebec
Rivière-au-Tonnerre
Rivière-au-Tonnerre
Location in Côte-Nord region of Quebec
Coordinates: 50°16′N 64°47′W / 50.267°N 64.783°W / 50.267; -64.783Coordinates: 50°16′N 64°47′W / 50.267°N 64.783°W / 50.267; -64.783[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Côte-Nord
RCM Minganie
Settled 1853
Constituted December 14, 1925
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jeannot Boudreau
 • Federal riding Manicouagan
 • Prov. riding Duplessis
Area[2][3]
 • Total 632.50 km2 (244.21 sq mi)
 • Land 619.20 km2 (239.07 sq mi)
Elevation[4] 15.20 m (49.87 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 307
 • Density 0.5/km2 (1/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 21.3%
 • Dwellings 335
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0G 2L0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 138
Website www.riviere-au-tonnerre.ca

Rivière-au-Tonnerre is a municipality in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec in Canada.

In addition to Riviere-au-Tonnerre itself, the communities within the municipality include Rivière-Pigou, Rivière-aux-Graines, and Sheldrake, all located along the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and accessible via Quebec Route 138.

The main and almost exclusive local economic activity is crab fishing. A factory which processes the crab meat sustains the bulk of the population.[1]

The eponymous Thunder River (French: Riviere au Tonnerre), which flows through the municipality, has a large series of waterfalls at 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from its mouth in the Saint Lawrence. These falls with a total drop of about 50 meters (160 ft) have a roar that reminds one of the noise caused by thunder.[1]

History[edit]

Saint-Hippolyte church

The first permanent settlers arrived circa 1853 or 1854, and founded Sheldrake and Riviere-au-Tonnerre as fishing settlements. In 1875, more pioneers followed, originating notably from Paspébiac in the Gaspésie region. At the same time, the first chapel was built and the Parish of Saint-Hippolyte was formed. However it was commonly called Rivière-au-Tonnerre, like the settlement. In 1890, the post office opened under the English equivalent name of "Thunder River" (Frenchized in 1933). By 1908, there were 70 families engaged in agriculture. In 1925, the Municipality of Riviere-au-Tonnerre was formed.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Canada census – Rivière-au-Tonnerre, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 307 (-21.3% from 2006) 390 (-6.0% from 2001)
Land area: 619.20 km2 (239.07 sq mi) 619.21 km2 (239.08 sq mi)
Population density: 0.5/km2 (1.3/sq mi) 0.6/km2 (1.6/sq mi)
Median age: 55.2 (M: 56.2, F: 53.5) 51.8 (M: 52.2, F: 51.1)
Total private dwellings: 335 294
Median household income: $.N/A $50,950
Notes: 2011 income data for this area has been suppressed for data quality or confidentiality reasons. – References: 2011[3] 2006[5] earlier[6]
Historical Census Data - Rivière-au-Tonnerre, Quebec[7]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 526 —    
1996 476 −9.5%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 415 −12.8%
2006 390 −6.0%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 307 −21.3%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Rivière-au-Tonnerre, Quebec[7]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
305
305 Decrease 21.8% 100.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
2006
390
390 Decrease 6.0% 100.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
2001
415
415 Decrease 11.7% 100.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
1996
470
470 n/a 100.00% 0 n/a 0.00% 0 n/a 0.00% 0 n/a 0.00%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Rivière-au-Tonnerre
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
7
(45)
10.6
(51.1)
18
(64)
27
(81)
27
(81)
29
(84)
29
(84)
27.5
(81.5)
19.4
(66.9)
14
(57)
9
(48)
29
(84)
Average high °C (°F) −8.6
(16.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.1
(30)
4.2
(39.6)
10.6
(51.1)
16.1
(61)
19.1
(66.4)
18.5
(65.3)
13.9
(57)
8
(46)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
5.9
(42.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−12
(10)
−6.3
(20.7)
0.2
(32.4)
5.8
(42.4)
11.1
(52)
14.4
(57.9)
13.7
(56.7)
9.4
(48.9)
3.9
(39)
−2.2
(28)
−10.2
(13.6)
1.1
(34)
Average low °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−17.5
(0.5)
−11.4
(11.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
1
(34)
6.2
(43.2)
9.7
(49.5)
8.9
(48)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.4
(4.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
Record low °C (°F) −40
(−40)
−33.9
(−29)
−32
(−26)
−27
(−17)
−12
(10)
−3.3
(26.1)
−1
(30)
−1.1
(30)
−5.6
(21.9)
−15
(5)
−25
(−13)
−42
(−44)
−42
(−44)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 68.6
(2.701)
51.5
(2.028)
72.2
(2.843)
86.6
(3.409)
92.8
(3.654)
101.3
(3.988)
99
(3.9)
97.8
(3.85)
120.9
(4.76)
118
(4.65)
91.4
(3.598)
80.4
(3.165)
1,080.3
(42.531)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.3
(0.445)
10.1
(0.398)
29
(1.14)
71
(2.8)
90.4
(3.559)
101.3
(3.988)
99
(3.9)
97.8
(3.85)
120.9
(4.76)
116
(4.57)
67
(2.64)
15.1
(0.594)
828.9
(32.634)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 57.3
(22.56)
41.4
(16.3)
43.2
(17.01)
15.5
(6.1)
2.3
(0.91)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.9
(0.75)
24.4
(9.61)
65.4
(25.75)
251.4
(98.98)
Source: Environment Canada[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Rivière-au-Tonnerre (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Rivière-au-Tonnerre". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  3. ^ a b c "Rivière-au-Tonnerre census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-07.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "cp2011" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b Environment Canada – Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 7 May 2012
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]