Robert Bobb

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Robert C. Bobb
Born (1945-05-23) May 23, 1945 (age 74)[1]
ResidenceMichigan and Washington D.C.[2]
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma materGrambling State University, bachelor's degree
Western Michigan University, MS (1978)
OccupationEmergency financial manager
former city manager
TitleEmergency Financial Manager of Detroit Public Schools
SuccessorJack Martin
Board member ofPast president National Forum for Black Public Administrators and City of Oakland Black Chamber of Commerce
AwardsICMA 4 awards for innovation,
1 for career development
WebsiteRobert Bobb, Emergency Financial Manager

Robert C. Bobb is a former appointed official who was the Emergency Financial Manager for the Detroit Public Schools until 2011. In addition to having been employed by the school district, he received a salary from private foundations that promote school choice and privatization,[3] and owns of a private/public sector consulting firm.[4]

Bobb's previous position was president of the Washington, D.C. board of education from 2006 to 2009. Before that he was the longest-serving African-American city manager in the United States,[5] with a total of 30 years employment in the field.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Bobb was born in New Orleans, Louisiana and grew up on a plantation in southwest Louisiana where his grandmother worked as a maid.[2] He worked his way through college buffing floors during the school year and laboring in sulfur pits during the summers.[2] He received a bachelor's degree in political science from Grambling State University and an MS in business studies from Western Michigan University in 1978.[5][7] He is also a 2005 graduate of the Broad Foundation's Superintendent Academy, a ten-month-long course similar to an executive training program.[3][8]

City manager[edit]

He acted as a city manager for a total of 30 years[6] for the cities of Kalamazoo, Michigan (1977–1984 );[4] Santa Ana, California; Richmond, Virginia (1986–1997);[5] Oakland, California (1997–2003);[9] and Washington, D.C.(2003–2006).

During Bobb's tenure at Oakland, California, the city was governed under a new and unique hybrid system which combined a strong, elected mayor with a full-time professional city manager. Critics had warned of stalemate if the mayor and city manager were to lock horns, but the system appeared to be working for the first two years as the city's bureaucracies were restructured and new policies were adopted.[9] However, in 2003, during a dispute regarding a new stadium for the Oakland Athletics baseball team, Bobb, who was a major stadium advocate, was dismissed by then-mayor Jerry Brown, who believed housing should be built on the site instead.[10][11]

From 2003 until 2006, Bobb held the position of city manager and deputy mayor in Washington, D.C. under Anthony A. Williams where he managed 20,000 employees and an $8 billion budget.[2] He traveled to China in 2004 to represent Washington at the World Mega Cities Economic and Cultural Development Conference.[5] In 2006, a cabinet-level employee was erroneously overpaid $75,000 over a six-month period and asked to keep the overpayment.[12] The District, under an obscure rule, can waive collection of an overpayment if it "would be against good conscience and not in the best interests of the District government."[12] Bobb approved the employee's request to keep the $75,000 but was overridden by the personnel office, which said that Bobb lacked the sole authority to make such a decision.[12] Bobb resigned that year to run an ultimately successful campaign for president of the D.C. Board of Education.[13]

Emergency financial manager[edit]

In March 2009, Michigan governor Jennifer Granholm appointed Bobb as emergency financial manager for the Detroit Public Schools, which at the time had 172 schools, 85,000 students,[14] and a deficit of $219 million.[15] At the end of Bobb's first year as financial manager, the deficit had increased to $363 million, according to budget documents released by the school district in June 2010.[15]

Bobb said he took on the job because Detroit had the "roughest and the toughest" urban schools and because he understood "the dynamics, the grit, the opportunities that are prevalent in urban America."[2] In addition to his management of the schools' finances, he created master plans for education reforms including standards required to pass to the next grade level, and offered plans for facilities improvement and community involvement.[2][14] He used $500 million in federal stimulus money to improve facilities and led a successful enrollment drive resulting in 900 more students than projected.[14] He called for 2,600 volunteers to donate 180 hours each to help students learn to read.[2]

His tenure as emergency manager was beset with controversies related to school closings, job cuts and the elimination and outsourcing of school services.[4] During his first ten months on the job he closed 29 schools and hired outside consultants to improve 17 schools.[2] When it appeared that consolidation of high schools and large class sizes could cause tension and violence, he rehired 137 guidance counselors he had laid off, and rehired 20 piano teachers so that music education could continue.[2]

Bobb was paid an annual salary of $280,000 by the government and $145,000 by the Kellogg Foundation and the Broad Foundation, a national promoter of school choice and privatization.[3] Bobb is also the owner, president and CEO of the LAPA Group, LLC, a private/public sector consulting firm.[4]

His appointment was to expire on March 1, 2011.[4] At that time, he was given expanded powers by the state legislature, including the powers to modify contracts, terminate collective bargaining agreements with teachers and fire elected officials.[3][16] He said he intended to use these powers,[16] and issued layoff notices to all of the teachers in the school system,[17] which gave the power to call back or reassign teachers without having to consider seniority rights.[18] Bobb also proposed that as many as forty one DPS schools that he scheduled for closure be turned instead into privatized charter schools.[3]

Awards and civic activities[edit]

Bobb has received the L.P. Cookingham Award for Career Development and four Innovation Awards from the International City Management Association.[14] He was also given the Marks of Excellence Award by the National Forum of Black Public Administrators,[14] and was named public official of the year by Governing magazine.[19] In 2010, Walsh College, a private business school headquartered in Troy, Michigan, invited Bobb to give a commencement speech and conferred an honorary Doctor of Laws degree upon him following the speech.[20]

Bobb is a past president of National Forum for Black Public Administrators and the City of Oakland Black Chamber of Commerce.[19] He is also a member of Phi Beta Sigma fraternity, and holds a lifetime membership in the NAACP.[19]

Electoral history[edit]

2006 President of Board of Education of D.C.,
Nonpartisan election[21][22]
Candidate Votes %
Robert C. Bobb 46,513 44
Caroline Graham 37,126 35
Timothy Jenkins 13,437 13
Laurent Ross 5,056 5
Sunday Abraham 3,046 3
Write-in 977 1
Voter turnout 29%


  1. ^ Bobb, Robert (June 24, 2011). "NEWSMAKER PROFILE / Robert Bobb". Retrieved 22 Oct 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Can Robert Bobb Fix Detroit's Public Schools?". TIME. January 25, 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e E.D. Kain (April 19, 2011). "Michigan Emergency Manager Robert Bobb Issues Layoff Notice to All Detroit Public School Teachers". Forbes.
  4. ^ a b c d e Al Jones (February 3, 2011). "Former city manager Robert Bobb returns to Kalamazoo to discuss Detroit Schools transformation". Kalamazoo Gazette. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d "Biography: Robert C. Bobb". District of Columbia Government. Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
  6. ^ a b Haynes, V. Dion (November 9, 2006). "Bobb, Laying Out Bold Plan, Says He Will Fight a Mayoral Takeover". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  7. ^ "Alumni News". Alumni Association, Western Michigan University. February 2011.
  8. ^ "Overview: Training". The Broad Superintendents Academy. Archived from the original on August 28, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  9. ^ a b Bowman, Ann O'M.; Kearney, Richard C. (2002). "Local Leadership and Governance". State and Local Government. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin. p. 318. ISBN 0-618-13207-4.
  10. ^ "BallParkWatch - July 2-July 8 Archives". Archived from the original on October 6, 2006. Retrieved November 14, 2006.
  11. ^ "Edgerly Named Interim Oakland City Manager". KTVU. virtual channel. July 3, 2003. Retrieved April 25, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ a b c McElhatton, Jim (June 18, 2007). "$75,000 payroll error one of D.C.'s largest". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on June 21, 2007. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  13. ^ Nakamura, David; Sun, Lena H (October 2, 2006). "Fenty to Name Interim Manager Of Metro as D.C. Administrator". The Washington Post. p. A01. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  14. ^ a b Ed Brayton (June 30, 2010). "DPS deficit grows by two-thirds in one year". The Michigan Independent. Archived from the original on July 23, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  15. ^ a b "Detroit teachers face layoffs, contract modifications". USA Today. April 15, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  16. ^ "Detroit schools send layoff papers to all teachers". MLive. The Associated Press. April 14, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  17. ^ Montgomery, Lori (April 25, 2011). "Motor City finds labor clout weakened amid spending cuts, new legislation". The Washington Post.
  18. ^ a b c "Election Profiles - Robert C. Bobb - D.C. Board of Education, President". The Washington Post. 2006. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  19. ^ "Robert Bobb to Deliver Keynote Address on Jan. 30 at 94th Commencement". Walsh College. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  20. ^ "DC General Election 2006 Summary Report" (PDF). District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics. November 7, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-25. Retrieved April 27, 2011.
  21. ^ Candidates for the office of president of the Board of Education of the District of Columbia are listed on the ballot without any party affiliation. Total percentages are greater than 100% due to rounding.

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