Robert II, Count of Dreux

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Robert II
Count of Dreux and Braine
Lord of Fère-en-Tardenois, Pontarcy, Nesle, Longueville, Quincy-en-Tardenois, Savigny, and Baudemont
Robert II of Dreux.gif
Count of Dreux
Reign 1184 – 28 December 1218
Predecessor Robert I
Successor Robert III
Count of Braine
Reign 24 July 1204 – 28 December 1218
Predecessor Agnes de Baudemont
Successor Robert III
Born 1154
Died 28 December 1218 (aged 63–64)
Burial Braine, église abbatiale de Saint-Ived
Spouse Mahaut of Burgundy
Yolande de Coucy
Issue Robert III
Peter I, Duke of Brittany
Henry of Dreux
John of Dreux
Philippa of Dreux
Alix of Dreux
Agnes of Dreux
House House of Dreux
Father Robert I
Mother Agnes de Baudemont, Countess of Braine
Arms of the Counts of Dreux

Robert II of Dreux (1154 – 28 December 1218), Count of Dreux and Braine, was the eldest surviving son of Robert I, Count of Dreux, and Agnes de Baudemont, countess of Braine, and a grandson of King Louis VI of France.[1]

He participated in the Third Crusade, at the Siege of Acre[2] and the Battle of Arsuf. He took part in the war in Normandy against the Angevin Kings between 1193 and 1204. Count Robert had seized the castle of Nonancourt from Richard I of England while he was imprisoned in Germany in late 1193.[3] The count also participated in the Albigensian Crusade in 1210.[4] In 1214 he fought alongside King Philip Augustus at the Battle of Bouvines.

Marriages and Children[edit]

His first marriage with Mahaut of Burgundy (1150–1192) in 1178 ended with separation in 1181 and produced no children. The excuse for the annulment was consanguinity. Mahaut and Robert were both great-great grandchildren of William I, Count of Burgundy and his wife Etiennete and they were both Capetian descendants of Robert II of France.[5]

His second marriage to Yolande de Coucy (1164–1222) produced several children:[6]

And according to Father Richard Augustine Hay a priest that lived with the Sinclair family and whose stepfather was a Sinclair in his book The Genealogie of the Saintclaires of Rosslyn he and Yolande had a daughter named Eleanor who married Robert de Saint Clair Sur Epte and that they were the most likely ancestors of the Sinclair family and he is supported by a member of the Sinclair family Roland William St Clair in his book Saint-Clairs of the Isles.

Tomb[edit]

Count Robert's tomb bore the following inscription, in Medieval Latin hexameters with internal rhyme:

Stirpe satus rēgum, pius et custōdia lēgum,
Brannę Rōbertus comes hīc requiescit opertus,
Et jacet Agnētis situs ad vestīgia mātris.

Of which the translation is: "Born from the race of kings, and a devoted guardian of the laws, Robert, Count of Braine, here rests covered, and lies buried by the remains of his mother Agnes."

It is also dated Anno Gracię M. CC. XVIII. die innocentum, that is, "In the Year of Grace 1218, on the Feast of the Holy Innocents."

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Evergates, Theodore (1999). Aristocratic women in medieval France. University of Pennsylvania Press. 
  • Gislebertus of Mons (2005). Chronicle of Hainaut. Translated by Napran, Laura. Boydell Press. 
  • Mémoires de la Société des lettres, sciences et arts de Bar-le-Duc, Vol.2, Ed. Société des lettres, sciences et arts de Bar-le-Duc, Contant Laguerre Imprimeur Editeur, 1903.
  • Nicholson, Robert Lawrence (1973). Joscelyn III and the fall of the crusader states 1134-1199. Brill. 
  • Petit, Ernest, ed. (1889). Histoire des ducs de Bourgogne de la race Capétienne. Vol.3. Imprimerie Darantiere. 
  • Pollock, M. A. (2015). Scotland, England and France After the Loss of Normandy, 1204-1296: Auld Amitie. Boydell & Brewer. 
  • Power, Daniel (2008). The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries. Cambridge University Press. 
  • Setton, Kenneth M.; Wolff, Robert Lee; Hazard, Harry W., eds. (1969). A History of the Crusades. Vol. 2. University of Wisconsin Press. 
  • Sumption, Jonathan (1999). The Albigensian Crusade. Faber and Faber. 
Preceded by
Robert I
Count of Dreux
1184–1218
Succeeded by
Robert III