Rollestone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rollestone
St Andrew, Rollestone.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Rollestone
Rollestone is located in Wiltshire
Rollestone
Rollestone
Rollestone shown within Wiltshire
OS grid reference SU072432
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SALISBURY
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01980
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°11′17″N 1°54′04″W / 51.188°N 1.901°W / 51.188; -1.901Coordinates: 51°11′17″N 1°54′04″W / 51.188°N 1.901°W / 51.188; -1.901

Rollestone is a small village and former civil parish on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England. It is near the River Till. Its nearest town is Amesbury, about 5 miles (8.0 km) away to the east.

For local government purposes, Rollestone was added to Shrewton parish in 1934.[1]

History[edit]

The name Rollestone was first used in the 13th century.[1] In 1947 the Ordnance Survey map[2] showed Rollestone as a hamlet south of the A360 Devizes to Salisbury road, about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) southeast of Shrewton. As Shrewton expanded in the 20th century, Rollestone became an area of Shrewton.

Rollestone Manor was built in the 18th century and is Grade II listed.[3] As of 2015 it is a privately owned hotel and restaurant.[4]

Church[edit]

The small 13th-century Anglican Church of St Andrew is Grade II* listed.[5] It was declared redundant and is in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.

Rollestone Camp[edit]

The military camp is 1.8 miles (2.9 km) to the northeast at grid reference SU 095 449 on the B3086 from Shrewton to Larkhill.

Military usage of land to the northeast of Rollestone began in the early 20th century, as artillery firing ranges which were later used by the Royal School of Artillery at Larkhill Camp. Rollestone Camp was established in 1916[1] by the Royal Flying Corps for observation balloon training. Around this time the Amesbury and Military Camp Light Railway was extended from Larkhill to Rollestone and beyond; this extension remained in use until about 1923. Balloon-related usage of Rollestone Camp continued until 1939 when the site became a Royal Air Force Anti-Gas School, which closed in 1945.

For several months in 1980–81 the camp was used as a temporary prison (HMP Rollestone Camp) during industrial action by prison officers.[6]

The camp continues in use as part of the Salisbury Plain Training Area. In 2009 part of the site was owned by Serco, a defence contractor.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 11 pp208-212 - Parishes: Rollestone". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Sheet 167". New Popular Edition Maps. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Rollestone Manor (1023992)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Rollestone Manor Bed & Breakfast". Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew, Rollestone (319833)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "2nd Battalion The Royal Irish Rangers, Her Majesty's Prison (HMP) Rollestone Camp". The Royal Irish. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Planning Application S/2009/1733/FULL" (PDF). Wiltshire Council. 30 December 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 

External links[edit]