For local government purposes, Rollestone was added to Shrewton parish in 1934.
The name Rollestone was first used in the 13th century. In 1947 the Ordnance Survey map showed Rollestone as a hamlet south of the A360 Devizes to Salisbury road, about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) southeast of Shrewton. As Shrewton expanded in the 20th century, Rollestone became an area of Shrewton.
Military usage of land to the northeast of Rollestone began in the early 20th century, as artillery firing ranges which were later used by the Royal School of Artillery at Larkhill Camp. Rollestone Camp was established in 1916 by the Royal Flying Corps for observation balloon training. Around this time the Amesbury and Military Camp Light Railway was extended from Larkhill to Rollestone and beyond; this extension remained in use until about 1923. Balloon-related usage of Rollestone Camp continued until 1939 when the site became a Royal Air Force Anti-Gas School, which closed in 1945.
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- "Sheet 167". New Popular Edition Maps. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Historic England. "Rollestone Manor (1023992)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Rollestone Manor Bed & Breakfast". Retrieved 25 April 2015.
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- "2nd Battalion The Royal Irish Rangers, Her Majesty's Prison (HMP) Rollestone Camp". The Royal Irish. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Planning Application S/2009/1733/FULL" (PDF). Wiltshire Council. 30 December 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2015.