|• Mayor||Friedhold Zilch (SPD)|
|• Total||37.63 km2 (14.53 sq mi)|
|Elevation||234 - 469 m (−1,305 ft)|
|• Density||61/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Ronshausen borders in the northwest on the town of Bebra (outlying centre of Weiterode), in the northeast on the community of Nentershausen, in the east on the community of Wildeck, in the south Friedewald and in the west on the community of Ludwigsau (all in Hersfeld-Rotenburg).
Ronshausen has only one outlying Ortsteil, Machtlos.
In 1061, Ronshausen had its first documentary mention as Runteshuson in a donation document to the Fulda Abbey. The outlying centre of Machtlos had its first documentary mention as villa Mechtolves in 1329. The name Mechtolves meant “the mighty wolf”
From 1359, a toll station was set up at Ronshausen, which exacted road tolls for the Ulfestraße (road) until 1834. As early as 1386, Ronshausen belonged to the Landgraves of Hesse.
In the Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648 and the Seven Years' War from 1756 to 1763, the community was abandoned several times, but already by 1780, there was a mention of Ronshausen as a big village of 468 inhabitants.
Until the mid 19th century, the community was characterized by agricultural pursuits. Only when the Bebra-Eisenach railway was built did this change. Tourism has played a rôle since the mid 20th century.
The community of Machtlos was amalgamated with Ronshausen in 1972 as part of municipal reform.
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:
|Parties and voter communities||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||19.3||3||20.1||3|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||55.2||8||57.6||9|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||9.7||2||–||–|
|FWG||Freie Wählergemeinschaft Ronshausen||15.8||2||22.3||3|
|Voter turnout in %||62.2||72.2|
The community’s executive (Gemeindevorstand) is made up of five members, with four seats allotted to the SPD and one to the CDU.
Mayor Friedhold Zilch (SPD) was once again elected on 30 October 2005 with 62.7% of the vote.
Culture and sightseeing
- 800-year-old fortress church with rustic Baroque paintings
At a local butcher shop is made a local speciality called the Januar-Stracke, a kind of aged pork sausage.
Economy and infrastructure
Ronshausen has a railway station on the Thüringer Bahn from Eisenach to Bebra.
- "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). September 2018.