Ropalidia

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Ropalidia
Ropalidia sp.jpg
Ropalidia sp
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Vespidae
Subfamily: Polistinae
Tribe: Ropalidiini
Genus: Ropalidia
Guérin-Méneville 1831
Species

approx. 200 species

Ropalidia is a large genus of eusocial paper wasps in the tribe distributed throughout the Afrotropical, Indomalayan and Australasian biogeographical regions. The genus Ropalidia is unique because it contains both independent and swarm-founding species.[1] Ropalidia romandi is one of the swarm founding species, meaning that new nests are founded by a large group of workers with a smaller number of inseminated females (egg-laying queens),[2] while Ropalidia revolutionalis is independent-founding, meaning that each nest is founded by a single queen.[3]

Ropalidia contains the following species:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yamane, Soichi; Ito, Yosiaki (1994). "Nest Architecture of the Australian Paper Wasp Ropalidia Romandi Cabeti , With a Note on its Developmental Process (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)". Psyche. 101 (3-4): 145–158. doi:10.1155/1994/92839. 
  2. ^ Hunt, James H. (2007). The Evolution of Social Wasps. Oxford University Press. pp. 57–60. 
  3. ^ Yosiaki, Itô (1987). "Social behaviour of the australian paper wasp,Ropalidia revolutionalis (de Saussure) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)". Journal of Ethology. 5: 115–124. doi:10.1007/bf02349943.