French submarine Rubis (S601)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Laid down:||11 December 1976|
|Launched:||7 July 1979|
|Commissioned:||23 February 1983|
|Renamed:||renamed Rubis in 1993|
|Fate:||In active service|
|Class and type:||Rubis class submarine|
|Displacement:||2600 t (2400 t surfaced)|
|Length:||73.6 m (241 ft)|
|Beam:||7.6 m (25 ft)|
|Draught:||6.4 m (21 ft)|
|Speed:||over 25 knots (46 km/h)|
|Test depth:||over 300 m|
The Rubis (S 601 ; ex Provence) is a first-generation nuclear attack submarine of the French Navy assigned to the attack nuclear submarine squadron and named after French submarine Rubis which distinguished capability during World War II.
Originally namesaked Provence and was renamed Rubis on 18 December 1980. Being the lead ship of the Rubis class, fine-tuning was long, notably needing over 1000 hours of underwater testing before commissioning. Fielded on December 11 1976 and launched on July 7 1979.
The Rubis commenced active service on February 23 1983.
Later in 1991, the Rubis formed part of the French naval contribution to the Gulf War. Between September 1992 and July 1993, Rubis undertook a major refitting which upgraded to the level of the Améthyste. Soon after, on 17 July 1993, the Rubis collided with the tanker Lyria, as the Rubis was surfacing, causing minor damages and injuries.
The Rubis also took part in Operation Trident, the 1999 bombing campaign over Yugoslavia, by protecting the aeronaval group. Along with the Améthyste, she was one of the two submarines who interdicted the Kotor straits to the Serbian Navy, thus effectively forbidding its use. She also gathered information for the coalition.
In 2002, the Rubis protected Task Force 473 in the Indian Ocean, during operation Hercules, the naval part of the invasion of Afghanistan.
On 30 March 2007, while submerged, Rubis hit the bottom, damaging her bow and sonar. She returned to operations in July 2008.
Rubis is expected to be decommissioned in the beginning of 2017.
tampion of the Rubis
References and notes
- Sous-marin nucléaire d'attaque Rubis, netmarine.net
- (French) Déconstruction : le SNA « Rubis » attendu début 2017 à Cherbourg, le marin.fr