French submarine Rubis (S601)
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|Laid down:||11 December 1976|
|Launched:||7 July 1979|
|Commissioned:||23 February 1983|
|Renamed:||renamed Rubis in 1993|
|Fate:||In active service|
|Class and type:||Rubis class submarine|
|Displacement:||2600 t (2400 t surfaced)|
|Length:||73.6 m (241 ft)|
|Beam:||7.6 m (25 ft)|
|Draught:||6.4 m (21 ft)|
|Speed:||over 25 knots (46 km/h)|
|Test depth:||over 300 m|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
Le Rubis (S 601 ; ex Provence) is a first-generation nuclear attack submarine and head of the Rubis-class series of the French Navy assigned to the attack nuclear submarine squadron and named after French submarine Rubis which distinguished capability during World War II.
Originally namesaked Provence and was renamed Rubis on 18 December 1980. Being the lead ship of the class, fine-tuning was long, notably needing over 1000 hours of underwater testing before commissioning. Fielded on December 11, 1976 and launched on July 7, 1979.
The Rubis commenced active service on February 23, 1983.
In 1985 she evacuated three DGSE agents who sailed to New Zealand on the yacht Ouvéa to participate in the bombing of Rainbow Warrior, then scuttled their yacht.
Later in 1991, the Rubis formed part of the French naval contribution to the Gulf War. Between September 1992 and July 1993, Rubis undertook a major refitting which upgraded to the level of the Améthyste. Soon after, on 17 July 1993, the Rubis collided with the tanker Lyria, as the Rubis was surfacing, causing minor damages and injuries.
The Rubis also took part in Operation Trident, the 1999 bombing campaign over Yugoslavia, by protecting the aeronaval group. Along with the Améthyste, the boat was one of the two submarines who interdicted the Kotor straits to the Serbian Navy, thus effectively forbidding its use. The boat also gathered information for the coalition.
On 30 March 2007, while submerged, Rubis hit the bottom, damaging her bow and sonar. The boat returned to operations in July 2008.
Rubis was expected to be decommissioned in the beginning of 2017 but underwent modernization and has returned to service as of 2019.
tampion of the Rubis
References and notes
- Sous-marin nucléaire d'attaque Rubis Archived 2014-10-24 at the Wayback Machine, netmarine.net
- (in French) Déconstruction : le SNA « Rubis » attendu début 2017 à Cherbourg, le marin.fr