Rucellai Sepulchre

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Rucellai Sepulchre
Tempietto dell'alberti restaurato, 08.JPG
Basic information
Geographic coordinates 43°46′19″N 11°15′00″E / 43.77196°N 11.24990°E / 43.77196; 11.24990Coordinates: 43°46′19″N 11°15′00″E / 43.77196°N 11.24990°E / 43.77196; 11.24990
Region Tuscany
Province Florence
Year consecrated 1467
Status funerary chapel
Architect(s) Leon Battista Alberti
Funded by Giovanni di Paolo Rucellai

The Rucellai Sepulchre is a small funerary chapel built inside the Rucellai Chapel of the church of San Pancrazio, Florence. It was commissioned by Giovanni di Paolo Rucellai and built to designs by Leon Battista Alberti in imitation or emulation of the Holy Sepulchre in the Anastasis in Jerusalem. It contains the tombs of Giovanni Rucellai and members of his family.[1]

Names[edit]

The Rucellai sepulchre is known by various names, including Sacellum of the Holy Sepulchre, Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre, Italian: Tempietto del Santo Sepolcro, Sacello del Santo Sepolcro and Tempietto Rucellai.

History[edit]

Alberti's work on the Rucellai Chapel and on the sepulchre within it probably began in about 1458;[2] the origins of the chapel date to 1417, when the walls of the nave of San Pancrazio were built. According to the inscription above the door, the Sepulchre was completed in 1467.

Description[edit]

Inscriptions[edit]

The sepulchre has two inscriptions: one, on a square panel above the door, reads:

IOHANNES RVCELLARIVS
PAVLI ‧F‧ VT INDE SALVTEM SVAM
PRECARETVR VNDE OMNIVM CVM
CHRISTO FACTA EST RESVRECTIO
SACELLVM HOC
ADĪSTAR HIEROSOLIMITANI SEPVL
CHRI FACIVNDVM CVRAVIT
MCCCCLXVII

meaning approximately "Giovanni di Paolo Rucellai, in order that his salvation might be prayed for from where, through Christ, the resurrection of all was achieved, had this temple built in the shape of the tomb in Jerusalem [in] 1467".

The other inscription runs round the top of the building and reads:

YHESVM QVERITIS NAZARENVM CRVCIFIXVM SURREXIT NON EST HIC ECCE LOCVS VBI POSVERVNT EVM

or approximately "you seek Jesus of Nazareth who was crucified; he rose, he is not here; this is the place where they put him".

Gallery: exterior[edit]

YHESVM QVERITIS N AZARENVM CRVCIFIXVM SUR REXIT NON EST HIC ECCE L OCVS VBI POSVERVNT EVM
Tempietto, formelle 01 (iscrizione).JPG Tempietto, formelle 02.JPG Tempietto, formelle 05.JPG Tempietto, formelle 08.JPG Tempietto, formelle 11.JPG Tempietto, formelle 14.JPG Tempietto, formelle 17.JPG Tempietto, formelle 20.JPG Tempietto, formelle 23.JPG Tempietto, formelle 26.JPG Tempietto, formelle 29.JPG
Tempietto, porta.jpg Tempietto, formelle 03 impresa personale di piero de' medici il gottoso.JPG Tempietto, formelle 06.JPG Tempietto, formelle 09 impresa personale di giovanni rucellai.JPG Tempietto, formelle 12.JPG Tempietto, formelle 15.JPG Tempietto, formelle 18 impresa personale di lorenzo de' medici.JPG Tempietto, formelle 21.JPG Tempietto, formelle 24.JPG Tempietto, formelle 27 impresa personale di cosimo il vecchio.JPG Tempietto, formelle 30.JPG
Tempietto, formelle 04.JPG Tempietto, formelle 07.JPG Tempietto, formelle 10.JPG Tempietto, formelle 13.JPG Tempietto, formelle 16.JPG Tempietto, formelle 19.JPG Tempietto, formelle 22.JPG Tempietto, formelle 25.JPG Tempietto, formelle 28.JPG Tempietto, formelle 31.JPG
West wall South wall Apse North wall

Access[edit]

The Rucellai Chapel was closed for many years for restoration. Since 16 February 2013 it has been re-opened to the public. Access is through the Marino Marini Museum, which occupies the deconsecrated part of the church of San Pancrazio.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ferruccio Canali (2006) Firenze: i luoghi di Leon Battista Alberti (in Italian). Comune di Firenze, Ufficio Centro Storico, Patrimonio Mondiale UNESCO. Accessed May 2013.
  2. ^ Rab Hatfield (2004) "The Funding of the Façade of Santa Maria Novella". Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes London: The Warburg Institute. 67:81–128. (subscription required)
  3. ^ The Rucellai Chapel and the Sacellum of the Holy Sepulchre by Leon Battista Alberti re-opened to the public. Museo Marino Marini, 18 February 2013. Accessed May 2013.