The ruddy cuckoo-dove (Macropygia emiliana) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It was split from the slender-billed cuckoo-dove in 2003 and is found in Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. It has two remaining sub-species:
- M. e. emiliana Bonaparte, 1854 - Java to western Lesser Sunda Islands
- M. e. megala Siebers, 1929 - Kangean Islands
Five former subspecies of the ruddy cuckoo-dove were reassigned by the IOU in 2016:
- M. e. cinnamomea Salvadori, 1892 - Enggano Island was split from the ruddy cuckoo-dove as the Enggano cuckoo-dove.
- M. e. borneensis Robinson & Kloss, 1921 - northern Borneo is now provisionally considered a subspecies of the Philippine cuckoo-dove (Macropygia tenuirostris borneensis).
- M. e. modiglianii Salvadori, 1887 - western Sumatran islands is now considered a subspecies of the Barusan cuckoo-dove.
- M. e. elassa Oberholser, 1912 - Mentawai Islands is now considered a subspecies of the Barusan cuckoo-dove.
- M. e. hypopercna Oberholser, 1912 - Simeulue Island is now considered a subspecies of the Barusan cuckoo-dove.
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