June 8, 1942|
Krefeld, Rhine Province, Germany
|Died||July 25, 2002
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Chicago Ph.D.
University of Geneva B.A.
|Known for||Overshooting model|
University of Chicago 1974–1975
University of Rochester 1972–1974
|Doctoral advisor||Robert Mundell|
|Doctoral students||Andrew Abel
José de Gregorio
D. Nathan Sheets
Rüdiger "Rudi" Dornbusch (June 8, 1942 – July 25, 2002) was a German economist who worked for most of his career in the United States. Dornbusch's law states that "Crises take longer to arrive than you can possibly imagine, but when they do come, they happen faster than you can possibly imagine."
Dornbusch was born in Krefeld in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia. After completing his secondary education at the Gymnasium am Moltkeplatz in Krefeld, he went to study abroad. He received his Licence en Sciences Politiques from the University of Geneva in 1966, where he also stayed on for a year as an assistant in Economics in the Graduate Institute of International Studies, and subsequently moved to the United States, where he obtained his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago. He also briefly worked as a lecturer in the Graduate School of Business of that university. For two years he stayed at the University of Rochester as an assistant professor in the Department of Economics, followed by a year as associate professor of International Economics, again in the Graduate School of Business of the University of Chicago. In 1975 he moved to MIT, where he was appointed as associate professor in the Department of Economics. In 1984 he became professor of economics. He stayed in MIT until his death in 2002.
Throughout his career his main focus was on international economics, especially monetary policy, macroeconomic development, growth and international trade. According to some of his students and associates his talent was to extract the heart of a problem and make it understandable in simple terms. For example, he explained fluctuations in prices and exchange rates with great clarity (notably with his Overshooting Model). He succeeded in making a more realistic model than Mundell-Fleming model with regard to a small open economic system, considering exchange rate expectations. He worked also for the International Monetary Fund, making controversial contributions to the development of stabilisation policies, especially for Latin American countries. Along with Sebastian Edwards coined the term macroeconomic populism. For more than 15 years he served as an associate editor of the Quarterly Journal of Economics.
Together with Stanley Fischer he also wrote widely used undergraduate textbooks.
- Macroeconomics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990 (with S. Fischer) 5th ed.
- International Economic Policy: Theory and Evidence, Johns Hopkins University Press, (edited with J. A. Frenkel.)
- Open Economy Macroeconomics, Basic Books, New York, 1980.
- Inflation, Debt and Indexation, MIT Press, 1983. (ed. with M. H. Simonsen.)
- Financial Policies and the World Capital Market, University of Chicago Press, 1983. (ed. with P. Aspe and M. Obstfeld.)
- Economics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1987, 2nd ed. (with S. Fischer and R. Schmalensee)
- Restoring Europe's Prosperity, (with O. Blanchard and R. Layard) MIT Press, 1986.
- Dollars, Debts and Deficits, MIT Press, 1987.
- Macroeconomics and Finance, (Essays in Honor of Franco Modigliani) MIT Press, 1987, (Ed. with S. Fischer)
- The Political Economy of Argentina, 1946–83, Macmillan, 1988. (ed. with G. diTella)
- Exchange Rates and Inflation MIT Press, 1988.
- Stopping High Inflation (ed. with M. Bruno, G. diTella and S. Fischer), MIT Press, 1988.
- The Open Economy: Tools for Policy Makers in Developing Countries (ed. with Leslie Helmers) Oxford University Press, 1988.
- Public Debt Management: Theory and History (ed. with Mario Draghi) Cambridge University Press, 1990.
- Reform in Eastern Europe (jointly with O. Blanchard et al.) MIT Press, 1991.
- Global Warming: Economic Policy Responses (ed. with J. Poterba) MIT Press, 1991.
- The Macroeconomics of Populism in Latin America (ed. with S. Edwards). MIT Press, 1991.
- East–West Migration (with Layard, Blanchard, and Krugman) MIT Press, 1992.
- Postwar Economic Reconstruction and Lessons for the East Today (ed. with W. Nolling and R. Layard) MIT Press, 1993
- Stabilization, Debt, and Reform: Policy Analysis For Developing Countries, Prentice Hall, 1993.
- Reform, Recovery and Growth (ed. with S. Edwards) University of Chicago Press, 1994.
- Financial Opening: Policy Lessons for Korea, (edited with Y. C. Park), Korea Institute of Finance, International Center For Economics Growth, 1995.
- Keys to Prosperity: Free Markets Sound Money and a Bit of Luck, MIT Press, 2000.
Honors and distinctions
- John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, 1979.
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
- Doctor honoris causa, University of Basel, 1988.
- Honorary Professor, Universidad del Pacifico, Lima, Peru, 1989.
- Foreign Member, Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, 1992.
- Harms Prize, Institute for World Economy, Kiel, 1992.
- Honorary doctorate, Catholic University, Lima Peru, 1998.
- Distinguished CES Fellow, Center for Economic Studies, University of Munich, 1998.
- Concord Prize, Krefeld, 1999
- Top 100 Economists in the World according to IDEAS/RePEc
- Rudi Dornbusch by Stanley Fischer - Project Syndicate
- Abel, Andrew B. (1978). Investment and the value of capital (Ph.D.). MIT. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Paul Krugman (May 24, 2018). "Turmoil for Turkey's Trump". New York Times.
- Capital mobility and monetary policy under fixed and flexible exchange rates.
- Essays on expectations and exchange rate volatility
- The instability of the prewar economy reconsidered : a critical examination of historical macroeconomic data.
- Goldfajn, Ilan (1995). On public debt and exchange rates (Ph.D.). MIT. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Rudiger Dornbusch". The Economist. The Economist Newspaper Limited. 10 August 2002. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Dornbusch, R. (1976). "Exchange Rate Expectations and Monetary Policy". Journal of International Economics 6 (3): 231–244.
- "Bernhard Harms Prize". Kiel Institute. Retrieved 5 August 2013.