|Pitohui ferrugineus leucorhynchus|
Taxonomy and systematics
The rusty pitohui was originally classified within the genus Rectes (a synonym for the genus Pitohui) until moved to Pseudorectes by the IOC in 2013. Alternatively, some other authorities classify the rusty pitohui in the genus Colluricincla. Alternate names for the rusty pitohui include the ferrugineous pitohui and rusty shrike-thrush.
Six subspecies are recognized:
- P. f. leucorhynchus - (Gray, GR, 1862): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Rectes. Found on Waigeo (off western New Guinea)
- P. f. fuscus - (Greenway, 1966): Found on Batanta (off western New Guinea)
- P. f. brevipennis - (Hartert, 1896): Found on Aru Islands (off south-western New Guinea)
- P. f. ferrugineus - (Bonaparte, 1850): Found on Misool and Salawati (off south-western New Guinea) and north-western New Guinea
- P. f. holerythrus - (Salvadori, 1878): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Rectes. Found on Yapen (off north-western New Guinea) and north-central New Guinea
- P. f. clarus - (Meyer, AB, 1894): Found in eastern and southern New Guinea
The rusty pitohui is a medium-sized, approximately 28 cm long, rusty brown songbird with a strong black bill, pale iris and yellowish-buff below. The subspecies P. f. leucorhynchus and P. f. fuscus of Waigeo and Batanta islands off Western New Guinea have a whitish bill. It is the largest member of its family. Both sexes are similar.
Distribution and Habitat
The rusty pitohui is distributed and endemic to lowland and hill forests of New Guinea, Aru Island and West Papuan islands.
Behaviour and Ecology
The rusty pitohui is usually seen in small parties, mixed with other gregarious species. It builds a deep, cup-shaped nest of sticks, leaves and stems in a fork of a tree.
- BirdLife International (2016). "Pitohui ferrugineus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "IOC World Bird List 3.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.3.4.
- "IOC World Bird List 6.3". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.3.
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