Rusty pitohui

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Rusty pitohui
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - RMNH.AVES.130620 1 - Pitohui ferrugineus leucorhynchus (Gray, 1862) - Pachycephalidae - bird skin specimen.jpeg
Pitohui ferrugineus leucorhynchus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pachycephalidae
Genus: Pseudorectes
Species: P. ferrugineus
Binomial name
Pseudorectes ferrugineus
(Bonaparte, 1850)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Colluricincla ferruginea
  • Pitohui ferrugineus
  • Rectes ferrugineus

The rusty pitohui (Pseudorectes ferrugineus) is a species of bird in the family Pachycephalidae. It is found on the Aru Islands and New Guinea.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The rusty pitohui was originally classified within the genus Rectes (a synonym for the genus Pitohui) until moved to Pseudorectes by the IOC in 2013.[2] Alternatively, some other authorities classify the rusty pitohui in the genus Colluricincla. Alternate names for the rusty pitohui include the ferrugineous pitohui and rusty shrike-thrush.

Subspecies[edit]

Six subspecies are recognized:[3]

  • P. f. leucorhynchus - (Gray, GR, 1862): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Rectes. Found on Waigeo (off western New Guinea)
  • P. f. fuscus - (Greenway, 1966): Found on Batanta (off western New Guinea)
  • P. f. brevipennis - (Hartert, 1896): Found on Aru Islands (off south-western New Guinea)
  • P. f. ferrugineus - (Bonaparte, 1850): Found on Misool and Salawati (off south-western New Guinea) and north-western New Guinea
  • P. f. holerythrus - (Salvadori, 1878): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Rectes. Found on Yapen (off north-western New Guinea) and north-central New Guinea
  • P. f. clarus - (Meyer, AB, 1894): Found in eastern and southern New Guinea

Description[edit]

The rusty pitohui is a medium-sized, approximately 28 cm long, rusty brown songbird with a strong black bill, pale iris and yellowish-buff below. The subspecies P. f. leucorhynchus and P. f. fuscus of Waigeo and Batanta islands off Western New Guinea have a whitish bill. It is the largest member of its family. Both sexes are similar.

Distribution and Habitat[edit]

The rusty pitohui is distributed and endemic to lowland and hill forests of New Guinea, Aru Island and West Papuan islands.

Behaviour and Ecology[edit]

The rusty pitohui is usually seen in small parties, mixed with other gregarious species. It builds a deep, cup-shaped nest of sticks, leaves and stems in a fork of a tree.

Status[edit]

Widespread and common throughout its habitat range, the rusty pitohui is evaluated as least concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]