São Tomé oriole

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São Tomé oriole
Oriolus crassirostris Gronvold.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Oriolidae
Genus: Oriolus
O. crassirostris
Binomial name
Oriolus crassirostris
Hartlaub, 1857
Sao Tome Oriole.png
Distribution on the island of São Tomé

The São Tomé oriole (Oriolus crassirostris), or great-billed oriole, is a species of bird in the family Oriolidae. The species was named by Gustav Hartlaub in 1857. It is endemic to the island of São Tomé.[1] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is widely distributed throughout the island of São Tomé, except the northeast (the urban area of São Tomé). It is most abundant in the southwest and on the central massif.[1]


The São Tomé oriole is threatened by habitat loss of the remaining lowland rainforest of São Tomé.[2]


  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2018). "Oriolus crassirostris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T22706404A131471210. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22706404A131471210.en. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  2. ^ Kirby, Alex. "Many threatened birds 'need help'", BBC News (March 8, 2004).