|Sultan Muhammadu Sa'ad Abubakar III|
Abubakar on August 23, 2016
|Sultan of Sokoto|
|Preceded by||Muhammadu Maccido|
August 24, 1956|
Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria
|Parents||Siddiq Abubakar III|
Nigerian Defence Academy
Command and Staff College, Jaji
|Years of service||1975 – 2006|
Sultan Muhammadu Sa'ad Abubakar III (born August 24, 1956 in Sokoto) is the 20th Sultan of Sokoto, the titular ruler of Sokoto in northern Nigeria, head of Jama’atu Nasril Islam (Society for the Support of Islam – JNI), and president-general of the Nigerian National Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA). As Sultan of Sokoto, he is considered the spiritual leader of Nigeria's seventy-million Muslims, roughly fifty percent of the nation's population. Sa'adu Abubakar succeeded his brother, Muhammadu Maccido, who died on ADC Airlines Flight 53, the flight crashed shortly after takeoff from Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport and had been destined for Sokoto.
Background and education
Sa'adu Abubakar is a younger son of the seventeenth Sultan, Siddiq Abu Bakar dan Usuman, who held the Sultanate for over fifty years. Abubakar is the fifth heir to the two century-old throne founded by his ancestor, Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio (1754–1817) leader of the Maliki school of Islam and the Qadiri branch of Sufism. He attended the prestigious Barewa College, Zaria and proceeded to the Nigerian Defence Academy in 1975 where he was a member of the 18th Regular Course. Abubakar was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in 1977 and served in the elite Armoured Corps.
Abubakar headed a presidential security unit of the Armoured Corps that guarded then military ruler General Ibrahim Babangida in the late 1980s. Abubakar also commanded a battalion of African peacekeepers in Chad during the early 1980s as part of the Organisation of African Unity's force and was military liaison officer for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in the mid 1990s. He was appointed Commanding Officer 241 Recce Battalion, Kaduna in 1993. From 1995 to 1999, he was ECOWAS military liaison officer and commanding officer, 231 Tank Battalion (ECOMOG Operations) in Sierra Leone from 1999 to 2000. From 2003 to 2006, he served as Defence Attaché to Pakistan (also accredited for Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Afghanistan). Upon his elder brother, Sultan Maccido's death, he was recalled to take office as the 20th Sultan of Sokoto and retired as a brigadier general.
Sultan of Sokoto
As the sultan of Sokoto, Abubakar is the leader of the Qadiriyya sufi order historically the most important Muslim position in Nigeria and senior to the Emir of Kano, the leader of the less populous Tijaniyya sufi order.
Awards and honours
In 2015, Amirul Mumineen Sultan Muhammadu Sa'ad Abubakar IV was listed among the 10 recipients of the maiden edition of the Global Seal of Integrity (GSOI). An annual list which is compiled and authored by two young Nigerians; Emmanuel Josh Omeiza and Godspower Oshodin (under the Global Youth Coalition for Integrity) for promoting integrity among the people and consequently promoting the well-being of the Universe.
- Paden, John N. (2008). Faith and politics in Nigeria. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press. pp. 32f. ISBN 978-1-60127-029-0.
- The Muslim 500: "Amirul Mu’minin Sheikh as Sultan Muhammadu Sa’adu Abubakar III" Archived June 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. retrieved May 15, 2014
- "Nigeria gets new Islamic leader". November 2, 2006. Archived from the original on September 9, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- "The Sokoto Caliphate and its legacies". dawodu.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- Chiama, Paul. "From Barracks To Royalty: 6 Prominent Ex-Military Officers Now Royal Fathers". Leadership Nigeria. Archived from the original on July 25, 2015. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- "From Nigerian soldier to Sultan of Sokoto". November 2, 2006. Archived from the original on May 13, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- "TV and Internet Bundles | American Main Street". www.guardiannewsngr.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- All Africa: "Nigeria: Updated – Kano Blasts Claim Over 60" By Ismail Mudashir Archived February 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. November 28, 2014
- Profile: Muhammed Sa'adu Abubakar BBC News, Thursday, November 2, 2006, 10:30 GMT
| Sultan of Sokoto
November 2, 2006–current