Sideroxylon celastrinum

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Sideroxylon celastrinum
Saffron-Plum (5604555546).gif
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Sideroxylon
S. celastrinum
Binomial name
Sideroxylon celastrinum
Sideroxylon celastrinum range map 1.png
Natural range of Sideroxylon celastrinum

See text

Sideroxylon celastrinum is a species of flowering plant in the family Sapotaceae, that is native to Texas[1] and Florida[2] in the United States south through Central America to northern Venezuela and Colombia in South America. Common names include saffron plum[3] and coma.[4][5] It is a spiny shrub or small tree that reaches a height of 2–9 m (6.6–29.5 ft). The dark green leaves are alternate or fascicled at the nodes and oblanceolate to obovate. Greenish-white flowers are present from May to November and are followed by single-seeded, blue-black drupes.[6]


This plant is known as a first choice deer feed.[4]


  • Bumelia angustifolia Nutt.
  • Bumelia celastrina Kunth
  • Bumelia celastrina var. angustifolia (Nutt.) R.W.Long[7]
  • Bumelia spiniflora A.DC.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Sideroxylon celastrinum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2009-11-25.
  2. ^ Wunderlin, R. P.; Hansen, B. F. "Sideroxylon celastrinum". Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  3. ^ "Sideroxylon celastrinum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^ Everitt, J. H.; Dale Lynn Drawe; Robert I. Lonard (2002). Trees, Shrubs, and Cacti of South Texas. Texas Tech University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-89672-473-0.
  7. ^ "Sideroxylon celastrinum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-10-07.

External links[edit]

  • "Bumelia celastrina" (PDF). Digital Representations of Tree Species Range Maps from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. (and other publications). United States Geological Survey.