Sainte-Pélagie Prison

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Sainte-Pélagie Prison
Prison Sainte Pélagie Eugène Atget 1898 BNF Gallica.jpg
By Eugène Atget, Sainte-Pélagie prison in 1898, destroyed in May 1899.
Sainte-Pélagie Prison is located in Paris
Sainte-Pélagie Prison
Sainte-Pélagie location in Paris
Location5th arrondissement of Paris
Coordinates48°50′33″N 2°21′10″E / 48.842581°N 2.352720°E / 48.842581; 2.352720Coordinates: 48°50′33″N 2°21′10″E / 48.842581°N 2.352720°E / 48.842581; 2.352720
StatusDemolished
Opened1790
ClosedMay 1899
Street addressNo. 56 Rue de la Clef and Rue du Puits-de-l'Ermite
CityParis
CountryFrance
Notable prisoners

Sainte-Pélagie was a prison in Paris, in active use from 1790 to 1899. It was founded earlier than that, however, in 1662, as place for "repentant girls" and later "debauched women and girls." The former Parisian prison was located between the current group of buildings bearing No. 56 Rue de la Clef with Rue du Puits-de-l'Ermite in the 5th arrondissement of Paris at the old Place Sainte-Pélagie.

The penal structure held many noted prisoners during the French Revolution, with Madame Roland, Grace Dalrymple Elliott and Marie-Louise O'Murphy being among the known prisoners. After the revolution, the Marquis de Sade was imprisoned here, as was the young mathematician Évariste Galois. During the July Monarchy, the "April insurgees" were also detained there, and some managed to escape through a tunnel. The painter Gustave Courbet was also imprisoned here for his activities in the Paris Commune. He painted a self-portrait titled, Gustave Courbet: Self-Portrait at Sainte-Pélagie.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hopkins, Tighe (1897). "The Dungeons of Old Paris: Being the Story and Romance of the Most Celebrated Prisons of the Monarchy and the Revolution". Google Books. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 131–154. OCLC 371224.
  • Hopkins, Tighe (1897). "The Dungeons of Old Paris: Being the Story and Romance of the Most Celebrated Prisons of the Monarchy and the Revolution". Internet Archive. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 131–154. OCLC 371224.
  • Vause, Erika (2018). "In the Red and in the Black: Debt, Dishonor, and the Law in France between Revolutions". Google Books. University of Virginia Press. ISBN 978-0813941424. OCLC 1011613926.

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