|Died||1982 (aged 82–83)|
|Occupation||Real estate developer|
|Known for||Development of Silver Spring, Maryland|
|Net worth||$100,000,000 (1940)|
Eig was born in Smilovichi, Russia (now Belarus) to a Jewish family. In 1914, he immigrated to the United States arriving first in Seattle then New York City and then in Washington D.C.. He worked various jobs as a bellboy, busboy, construction worker, and butcher’s assistant. After a failed investment in a grocery store, he opened a liquor store in 1930s which was successful enabling him to buy a distillery. Using the earnings from this business, he started to invest in real estate in then undeveloped Silver Spring, Maryland. In 1944, he purchased the Silver Spring Shopping Center; and in 1946, he built the Eig Building. Eig was a proponent of further development in Silver Spring and was an active member of the Silver Spring Board of Trade. In the late 1930s, he personally developed 30 housing lots in Rock Creek Forest, after being denied financing from local banks. Aware that people preferred to move to places that were more established, Eig donated land for the construction of community centers and churches including a Red Cross building and Holy Cross Hospital in Silver Spring. Eig was successful and by the late 1940s, his real estate holdings were valued at over $100 million. He later expanded into hotels building the Washingtonian Center in Gaithersburg, Maryland in 1957 and the Georgian Motel in Silver Spring in 1961. Until the passage of the 1968 Fair Housing Act, Eig used racially restrictive covenants to exclude African Americans and other racial minorities.
- Montgomery County Historical Society: "Immigration and Success - Samuel Eig" Archived 2014-10-22 at the Wayback Machine retrieved October 18, 2014
- Jewish Washington: "Real Estate Boom" retrieved September 18. 2014
- Gaithersburgh: "Then and Now" retrieved October 18, 2014
- "Silver Spring's Jewish history 'long and complicated'". Washington Jewish Week. Retrieved 2018-08-25.