Sami Abdul Aziz Salim Allaithy
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|Sami Abdul Aziz Salim Allaithy Alkinani|
October 28, 1956|
|Charge(s)||No charge (extrajudicial detention)|
|Status||Determined not to have been an enemy combatant after all|
Sami Abdul Aziz Salim Allaithy Alkinani (born October 28, 1956) is a citizen of Egypt who was held in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba. His Guantanamo Internment Serial Number was 287. Joint Task Force Guantanamo counter-terrorism analysts report he was born on October 28, 1956 in Shubrakass Egypt.
Sami Abdul Aziz Salim Allaithy was transferred to Egypt on September 30, 2005.
During his stay at Camp Delta Al Laithi was rendered a paraplegic. Al Laithi says shortly after his arrival in Cuba, during a beating administered in the prison hospital, a guard threw him on the floor, and stomped on his back. He says he has been in constant pain ever since.
Al Laithi says the beating crushed two of his vertebrae, confining him to a wheelchair. He says he believes that the prison authorities denied him medical care that would have prevented him being crippled.
Al Laithi has a long record of criticism of the Egyptian government. He does not wish the Americans to return him to Egypt, now that they have determined that he has no ties to terrorism. As of September 2005 he remained confined to Camp Delta.
Al Laithi's lawyer, Clive Stafford Smith, has asked for Al Laithi to get medical care for his injuries, for the release of his prison medical records, and for him to be released from solitary confinement. Al Lathi remained in solitary confinement, after he had been determined to have been an innocent bystander, unlike the detainees who had been determined to have been Chinese dissidents, who were housed in the more amenable Camp Iguana.
Combatant Status Review
The Bush administration asserted that:
- the protections of the Geneva Conventions did not extend to captured prisoners who are not members of the regular Afghan armed force nor meet the criteria for prisoner of war for voluntary forces.
Critics argued the Conventions obliged the U.S. to conduct competent tribunals to determine the status of prisoners. Subsequently, the U.S. Department of Defense instituted Combatant Status Review Tribunals (CSRTs), to determine whether detainees met the new definition of an "enemy combatant".
"Enemy combatant" was defined by the U.S. Department of Defense as:
- an individual who was part of, or supporting, the Taliban, or al-Qaeda forces, or associated forces that are engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners. This includes any person who commits a belligerent act or has directly supported hostilities in aid of enemy armed forces.
The CSRTs are not bound by the rules of evidence that would normally apply in civilian court, and the government’s evidence is presumed to be “genuine and accurate.” From July 2004 through March 2005, CSRTs were convened to determine whether each prisoner had been correctly classified as an "enemy combatant".
Sami Abdul Aziz Salim Allaithy was among the 60% of prisoners who chose to participate in tribunal hearings. A Summary of Evidence memo was prepared for the tribunal of each detainee, listing the allegations that supported their detention as an "enemy combatant".
- The detainee is a member of al Qaida:
- The detainee lived for approximately one year in a Khost, Afghanistan guesthouse.
- The detainee moved to Kabul to teach in a Taliban madrassas.
- The detainee admits to fleeing Afghanistan to Pakistan, after being wounded by a bomb.
- The detainee was fleeing Afghanistan with several other people who were all armed with automatic weapons.
- The detainee was captured in Dec 2001, and when captured used an alias.
Allegations as read aloud during his Tribunal
The allegations, as read aloud during his Tribunal, differed markedly from those recorded on his Summary of Evidence memo:
- a The detainee is associated with Al Qaeda and is a Taliban fighter.
- Detainee was recruited to fight in Kashmir and Chechnya by a Jihadist recruiter in Saudi Arabia.
- Detainee joined the Taliban after receiving a Fatwa from Sheik Ha Al-Uqla at the Iman Muhammad Bin Saud College in Burayda, Saudi Arabia.
- Detainee trained at Al Farouq training camp in Afghanistan during September 2001.
- Detainee was trained on the Kalashnikov rifle, Pakistan machine gun, and a Russian pistol at the Al Farouq training camp.
- One of detainee’s known aliases was on a list of captured Al Qaeda member that was discovered on a computer hard drive associated with a senior Al Qaeda member.
- b The detainee participated in military operations against the coalition.
- Detainee was a fighter at Tora Bora.
Determined not to have been an Enemy Combatant
The Washington Post reports that Al Laithy was one of 38 detainees who was determined not to have been an enemy combatant during his Combatant Status Review Tribunal. The Department of Defense refers to these men as No Longer Enemy Combatants.
habeas corpus petitions
At least three separate writs of habeas corpus were filed on his behalf. US District Court Judges Reggie Walton, Kennedy and Leon considered his detention as part of three separate habeas cases: Mohammon v. Bush, Sliti v. Bush and Aziz v. Bush. He was identified as "Alla Al Mossary", "Abdul Aziz Al Mossary" and "Abu Abdul Aziz". on those three separate habeas petitions.
Repatriation to Egypt
In early October American authorities announced that they had repatriated an Egyptian national back to his home country. Press reports quoted American authorities as saying that the Egyptian had been determined to no longer pose a security threat through an "Administrative Review"—the follow-on to the Combatant Status Review Tribunal.
- "Prior to returning this detainee to Egypt, the United States received appropriate assurances from the government of Egypt regarding this detainee's treatment upon his return to Egypt. This includes assurances that this individual will continue to be treated humanely, in accordance with Egyptian and international legal obligations, while he remains in Egypt," Plexico said.
According to the article Pentagon spokesmen claimed:
- "This individual's current health problems resulted from an injury sustained before our involvement with him. According to the detainee's statements to us, his injury was sustained in an automobile accident, and the damage has progressed over time," Plexico said.
- "There are no indications that his condition was adversely affected by his detention."
Al Laithi was interviewed by a reporter for Al Ahram on October 26, 2005. In his interview he said that before he was repatriated to Egypt he was sent, briefly, to an American hospital, for an assessment. He reports that the medical records he was given, upon his repatriation, say the loss of the use of his legs was progressive, not sudden. They say it was the result of a traffic accident, before his detention. Al Laithi continues to claim the loss was due to brutal treatment while in custody. He claims the records are a forgery.
Guantanamo medical records
On March 16, 2007 the Department of Defense published records of the captives' height and weights. Most captives' weights were recorded regularly. Sami al Laithy's weight was recorded just seven times -- once in February 2002, then in March, April, May, June, September, October of 2004, and finally in May of 2005. Al Laithy's height was reported as 72 inches, putting the healthy range of weight for him between 136.4 and 183.6. His weight on arrival was 152 pounds. The five weights recorded in 2004 ranged from 137 to 140 pounds. His final weigh-in was 130 pounds -- too low for health.
The record states he refused to be weighed on the missing months in 2004 and 2005. No explanation is provided as to why no weights were recorded for 2002 and 2003.
- OARDEC (May 15, 2006). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- "Sami Abdul Aziz Salim Allaithy - The Guantánamo Docket". The New York Times.
- Guantanamo Detainee Says Beating Injured Spine, Washington Post, August 13, 2005
- "Q&A: What next for Guantanamo prisoners?". BBC News. 2002-01-21. Retrieved 2008-11-24. mirror
- "Guatanamo Detainee Processes," United States Department of Defense, updated October 2, 2007, accessed February 23, 2010
- Elsea, Jennifer K. (July 20, 2005). "Detainees at Guantanamo Bay: Report for Congress" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2007-11-10.
- OARDEC, Index to Transcripts of Detainee Testimony and Documents Submitted by Detainees at Combatant Status Review Tribunals Held at Guantanamo Between July 2004 and March 2005, September 4, 2007
- OARDEC (12 November 2004). "Summary of Evidence for Combatant Status Review Tribunal -- Allaithy, Sami Abdul Aziz Salim" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. p. 31. Retrieved 2008-04-25.
- OARDEC (12 November 2004). "Summarized Statement" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. pp. 1–7. Retrieved 2008-04-25.
- "US releases Guantanamo files". Melbourne: The Age. April 4, 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- "Guantanamo Bay Detainees Classifed [sic] as 'No Longer Enemy Combatants'". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 11 August 2006.
- "Detainees Found to No Longer Meet the Definition of "Enemy Combatant" during Combatant Status Review Tribunals Held at Guantanamo" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. November 19, 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- "Exhibit C: List of No Longer Enemy Combant Detainees With Pending Habeas Corpus Petitions Who Have Been Released From United States Custody" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. April 17, 2007. p. 64. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
- OARDEC (August 8, 2007). "Index for CSRT Records Publicly Files in Guantanamo Detainee Cases" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Deep Wounds, Al Ahram, October 26, 2005
- JTF-GTMO (2007-03-16). "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba". Department of Defense. Retrieved 2008-12-22. mirror
- JTF-GTMO (2007-03-16). "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba: ISNs 252-322" (PDF). Department of Defense. Retrieved 2008-12-22. mirror Cite error: Invalid
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- Report on Torture, Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment of Prisoners at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. (Allaithy)
- US says Egypt vows to treat Guantanamo inmate well, Reuters, October 3, 2005
- Guantanamo detainee says guards enjoyed torture, Daily Star, October 10, 2005
- Guantanamo Detainee Says Beating Injured Spine