San Fratello horse
San Fratello horses, Sicily
|Alternative names||Razza di San Fratello, San Fratello horse|
|Country of origin||Italy|
|Equus ferus caballus|
The San Fratellano comes from San Fratello, in the Nebrodi mountains in the province of Messina in Sicily. The horses developed and were bred in a native habitat that resulted in a strong, powerful type known for their endurance.
A Lombard princess, Adelaide del Vasto, married Roger I of Sicily, a Norman noble, in the 11th century AD. Sicily was ruled by Norman warlords at the time, and Princess Adelaide del Vasto brought to Sicily her retinue, including a number of knights and their horses. To this day the people of San Fratello speak a Lombard dialect, different from the Sicilian language of surrounding areas. The San Fratellano horse is said to have descended from the horses of the Lombard knights.
The breed has received infusions of Anglo-Arab, Spanish Anglo-Arab, Salerno and Nonius blood, and has remained quite true to type. It resembles its fellow Italian breed, the Maremmano. Breeding stock is carefully selected for propagation, and most colts are trained young as pack horses.
The San Fratellano usually stands between 15 and 16 hands (60 and 64 inches, 152 and 163 cm), and weighs between 1,100 and 1,300 pounds (500 and 590 kg) They are always black or bay in color. They are muscular, well-built horses that are hardy and easy to care for. There are approximately 5,000 horses of this breed (including 1,800 broodmares), making it one of the most numerous indigenous breeds in Italy.
- Bongianni, Maurizio (1988). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Horses and Ponies. Simon & Schuster, Inc. p. 29. ISBN 0-671-66068-3.
- Sanfratellano stallion, YouTube
- Six Sanfratellano stallions at Fiera Cavalli, 2010, YouTube