San Giovanni Profiamma
San Giovanni Profiamma is a civil parish in the municipality of Foligno in the province of Perugia, which is also an active bishopric, and is the historical site of the former Roman town and bishopric of Foro Flaminii, which remains a Latin Catholic titular see as Foro Flaminio. It is in the circoscrizione no. 6: San Giovanni Profiamma-Belfiore-Vescia-Capodacqua-Pontecentesimo.
The area belonging to the parish extends up to the plain between Via Flaminia and the right bank of the Topino. San Giovanni Profiamma is at an altitude of 264 m above sea level, 4 km northeast of Foligno and has a population of around 1800.
The Roman town of Forum Flaminii, corresponding with modern San Giovanni Profiamma, was founded by Roman censor Gaius Flaminius Nepos in 220 BCE during the construction of the Roman consular road. The town is attested as bishopric since the third century and believed to have been destroyed in 740 by the invading Lombards under King Liutprand, and subsequently incorporated into Foligno.
Only two bishops were historically documented :
- Bonifatius, attending the council held by Pope Symmachus in 501 or 502, which forbade alienating church property; Bonifacio signed the acts in 51º position, between bishops Venerioso of Spello and Sebastiano of Sora.
- Decentius took part in the Roman council of 680, held by Pope Agatho to condemn Monothelitism as heresy, signing between a bishops Floro of Foligno and Giovanni of Norcia.
From a papal bulla by Pope Innocent II in 1138, on the jurisdiction of the (heir) bishops of Foligno, citing plebs S. Joannis de Foroflamini cum ecclesiis suis, Sbaraglia deduces Forum Flaminii's Ancient cathedral would have been dedicated to Saint John .
In 1966 the diocese was nominally restored as the Titular bishopric of Foro Flaminii (Latin) / Forflamme (Curiate Italian), and renamed in 1990 to Forum Flaminii (Latin) / Foro Flaminio (Curiate Italian) / Foroflaminien(sis) (Latin adjective).
It has had the following incumbents:
- Pietro Gazzoli (1968.02.03 – death 1990.02.17) as Auxiliary Bishop of Diocese of Brescia (Italy) (1968.02.03 – retired 1983.08.06) and as emeritus
- Angelo Mascheroni (1990.06.09 – ...) as Auxiliary Bishop ofArchdiocese of Milano (Milan, Italy) (1990.06.09 – retired 2005.01.10) and as emeritus.
Monuments and places of interest
Church of San Giovanni Battista
The Church of Saint John the Baptist, or the Palatine Basilica is a Romanesque basilica cathedral built on the ruins of a 6th century basilica. The façade is notable for its rose window and finely carved portal. The interior, with a single nave, features Roman wall murals and a sixth-century sarcophagus.The crypt, with three aisles, contains an eighth century architrave decorated with early Christian symbols. Originally the seat of a diocese, it survives as a titular see.
Economy and activities
The town has an annual Sagra della Rocciata (festival of the Rocciata), celebrating a regional dessert. There is also the annual "Giostra della Quintanella" (Joust of Quintanella) where over 350 children from the eight districts compete in a Palio: they cycle along a figure-eight track with lances, trying to spear rings connected to a statue. The event is connected with a procession in seventeenth-century costumes and a regional market.
Notes and references
- Charles Pietri & Luce Pietri (ed.), Prosopographie chrétienne du Bas-Empire. 2. Prosopographie de l'Italie chrétienne (313-604), École française de Rome, vol. I, Roma 1999, p. 330.
- Giovanni Domenico Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, vol. XI, Florence 1765, coll. 298-315.
- Faloci Pulignani, L'Umbria sacra del padre Sbaraglia, p. 569
- Ferdinando Ughelli & Nicola Coletti, Italia sacra, vol. X, Venice 1722, col. 101
- Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, Venice 1846, vol. IV, p. 445
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Verlag Karl W. Hiersemann, Leipzig 1931, p. 727
- Michele Faloci Pulignani, L'Umbria sacra del padre Sbaraglia, in Archivio per la storia ecclesiastica dell'Umbria, I (1913), p. 569
- Francesco Lanzoni, Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604), vol. I, Faenza 1927, pp. 451–453
- Pietro Burchi, lemma 'Feliciano, protovescovo di Forum Flaminii, Santo Martire', in Bibliotheca Sanctorum V, coll. 597-600
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