San Joaquin and Eastern Railroad
|San Joaquin & Eastern Railroad|
|Locale||Sierra Nevada foothills of Fresno County, California|
|Dates of operation||1912–1933|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Headquarters||Los Angeles, California|
The San Joaquin & Eastern Railroad (SJ&E) was a standard gauge common carrier railroad that operated in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains of Fresno County in the U.S. state of California. The line was abandoned in 1933. The railroad hauled primarily lumber and agricultural products.
The SJ&E was originally built to get men and supplies to the Big Creek Hydroelectric Project sites for the Pacific Light and Power Company (now Southern California Edison). The track was constructed for $1,055,728 by Stone & Webster Construction Company of Boston, the project's primary contractor. Grading commenced on February 16, 1912 and construction was completed on December 15, 1912. The 55 mile line started at El Prado (near Friant where it interchanged with the Southern Pacific Railroad. The SP branch continued on to Fresno where it intercepted the SP Mainline. From El Prado the line went east to Auberry and then terminated at Big Creek (Cascade/Cascada).
The railroad was known as the “crookedest railroad in the world”. The railroad featured 1073 curves up to 60 degrees. The railroad had 43 wooden trestles and 255 steep grades with the steepest at 5.3%.
The railroad was built for the sole reason of building the Big Creek hydroelectric project. When that was essentially complete, the need for the railroad ended. Over the years, it had only earned about 22% of what it cost to build and operate, leading to its nickname "Slow, Jerky, and Expensive. The line was abandoned and dismantled in 1933.
The caption on the picture is incorrect. The SJ&E ended at Big Creek. There was an incline that made it to the site of Huntington Lake for dam construction, but the RR proper never went that far.
- El Prado MP 0.0 (near Friant) (Interchange with Southern Pacific Railroad)
- Wellbarn MP 16.1
- Auberry MP 26.1
- Lerona MP 34.9
- White Pine MP 43.0
- West Portal MP 50.4 (with a 1-mile branch north to Powerhouse 2 on the San Joaquin River)
- Dawn Southern California Edison acquired Shaver Lake, and constructed a branch line from this point Shaver to build a new dam.
- Big Creek (Cascada) MP 55.6
- Camp 2
- Dam 2 (of Huntington Lake)
The railroad owned 5 passenger cars and the railroad's October 10, 1915 timetable showed an 8:00 a.m. departure from El Prado, arriving at Cascada at 2:25 p.m. The 55 mile trip operating on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays and returns on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. Passenger service continued as late as 1929. Some of the passenger traffic was attributed to tourists going to the resort at Huntington Lake during the summer.
|100||Shay locomotive||Lima||2533||4/1912||sold in 1918 to English Lumber Company in Mount Vernon, Washington|
|101||Shay locomotive||Lima||2534||4/1912||sold in 1916 to Red River Lumber Company in Westwood, California|
|102||Shay locomotive||Lima||2564||7/1912||sold in 1918 to Edward Rutledge Timber Company in Coeur D'Alene, Idaho|
|103||Shay locomotive||Lima||2601||10/1912||leased in 1922 to Pacific Light and Power Company|
|104||Shay locomotive||Lima||2606||10/1912||sold in 1916 to Red River Lumber Company|
- Fickewirth, Alvin A. (1992). California Railroads: an encyclopedia of cable car, common carrier, horsecar, industrial, interurban, logging, monorail, motor road, shortlines, streetcar, switching and terminal railroads in California (1851-1992). San Marino, California: Golden West Books. pp. 45, 140. ISBN 0-87095-106-8.
- Johnston, Hank (1965). California The Railroad that Lighted Southern California: The Story of the Edison Big Creek Project San Joaquin and Eastern. Los Angeles, California: Trans-Anglo Books. ASIN B000GX1GHM.
- Resendes, Mary Ann. "San Joaquin & Eastern Railroad". Retrieved July 22, 2006.
- Robertson, Donald B. (1998). Encyclopedia of Western Railroad History - Volume IV - California. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers. p. 218. ISBN 0-87004-385-4.
- Redinger, David H. (1998). The Story of Big Creek. Ironwood Press. ISBN 0-9628236-8-6.
- Sievers, Walt (January 1956). "San Joaquin & Eastern Railroad". The Western Railroader: 1–14.
- Walker, Mike (1997). Steam Powered Video's Comprehensive Railroad Atlas of North America - California and Nevada - Post Merger Edition. Kent, United Kingdom: Steam Powered Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 1-874745-08-0.
- Donald Conrad Jackson, Building the Ultimate Dam: John S. Eastwood and the Control of Water in the West, p.76, University of Oklahoma Press, 2005
- Koch, Michael (1971). The Shay Locomotive Titan of the Timber. The World Press. pp. 440&442.