Sandanska Bistritsa

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Sandanska Bistritsa
Sandanska Bistritsa River, Sandanski 2011.jpg
A view of the Sandanska Bistritsa
Location
CountryBulgaria
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationTevnoto Lake, Pirin
 ⁃ elevation2,512 m (8,241 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Struma River
 ⁃ coordinates
41°31′54″N 23°14′53″E / 41.53167°N 23.24806°E / 41.53167; 23.24806Coordinates: 41°31′54″N 23°14′53″E / 41.53167°N 23.24806°E / 41.53167; 23.24806
 ⁃ elevation
104 m (341 ft)
Length33 km (21 mi)
Basin size139 km2 (54 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionStrumaAegean Sea

The Sandanska Bistritsa (Bulgarian: Санданска Бистрица) is a river in south-western Bulgaria, a left tributary of the Struma.[1][2] The river is 33 km long and drains the south-western sections of the Pirin mountain range.[1]

The Sandanska Bistritsa takes its source from the south-eastern corner of the Tevnoto Lake in Northern Pirin at an altitude of 2,512 m. It flows in southern direction through another four lakes of the Malokamenishki Lakes group and then turns westwards. After the confluence with the first significant right tributary, the Bashliytsa, the turns to the south-west and flows in a deep sparsely forested valley.[1] In the upper course of the river is located the Popinolashki waterfall, one of Pirin's largest.[3] Near the town of Sandanski the river enters the Sandanski-Petrich Valley forming a large mucous cone. It flows into the Struma at an altitude of 104 m near the Sandanski industrial zone.[1]

Its drainage basin covers a territory of 139 km² or 0.8% of Struma's total.[1]

The Sandanska Bistritsa River has predominantly snow-rain feed with high water in late spring (May) and low water in late summer (September).[1] The average annual flow is 3.35 m3/s at the village of Lilyanovo and 2.9 m3/s at the confluence with the Struma.[1]

There are 3 settlements along the river, all of them situated in Sandanski Municipality: one town, Sandanski, and two villages, Lilyanovo and Stozha, as well as the resorts of Popina Luka and Tremoshnitsa. The river's waters are utilised for electrical power generation with three hydropower plants at Popina Luka, Lilyanovo and Sandanski I with a total installed capacity of 56 MW, as well as for irrigation.[1][2]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Geographic Dictionary of Bulgaria 1980, p. 48
  2. ^ a b Dushkov 1972, p. 145
  3. ^ Dushkov 1972, pp. 131–132

References[edit]

  • Мичев (Michev), Николай (Nikolay); Михайлов (Mihaylov), Цветко (Tsvetko); Вапцаров (Vaptsarov), Иван (Ivan); Кираджиев (Kiradzhiev), Светлин (Svetlin) (1980). Географски речник на България [Geographic Dictionary of Bulgaria] (in Bulgarian). София (Sofia): Наука и култура (Nauka i kultura).
  • Душков (Dushkov), Добри (Dobri) (1972). Пирин. Туристически речник [Pirin. Tourist Dictionary] (in Bulgarian). София (Sofia): Наука и култура (Nauka i kultura).