Sandy Creek (Ohio River)

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For the tributary of the Cheat River in northern West Virginia, see Big Sandy Creek (West Virginia). For other uses, see Sandy Creek (disambiguation).
Sandy Creek
Sandy Creek Ravenswood.jpg
Sandy Creek near its mouth in Ravenswood in 2006
Country United States
State West Virginia
Source Left Fork Sandy Creek
 - location South of Rockport, southeastern Wood County
 - elevation 1,014 ft (309 m) [1]
 - length 16.3 mi (26 km)
 - coordinates 39°02′54″N 81°33′37″W / 39.04833°N 81.56028°W / 39.04833; -81.56028 [2]
Secondary source Right Fork Sandy Creek
 - location northwestern Roane County
 - elevation 879 ft (268 m) [1]
 - length 11.7 mi (19 km)
 - coordinates 38°52′22″N 81°30′27″W / 38.87278°N 81.50750°W / 38.87278; -81.50750 [3]
Source confluence
 - location South of Sandyville, northern Jackson County
 - elevation 581 ft (177 m) [2]
 - coordinates 38°53′46″N 81°39′28″W / 38.89611°N 81.65778°W / 38.89611; -81.65778 [4]
Mouth Ohio River
 - location Ravenswood, West Virginia
 - elevation 564 ft (172 m) [4]
 - coordinates 38°56′43″N 81°45′42″W / 38.94528°N 81.76167°W / 38.94528; -81.76167Coordinates: 38°56′43″N 81°45′42″W / 38.94528°N 81.76167°W / 38.94528; -81.76167 [4]
Length 22 mi (35 km)
Basin 124 sq mi (321 km2)
Sandy Creek (Ohio River) map.png
Map of Sandy Creek and its watershed

Sandy Creek is a tributary of the Ohio River in western West Virginia in the United States. Via the Ohio River, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 124 square miles (320 km2)[5] on the unglaciated portion of the Allegheny Plateau. The creek is 22 miles (35 km) long, or 38.3 miles (61.6 km) including its Left Fork.[6]

Sandy Creek is formed in north-central Jackson County by the confluence of its left and right forks:

From the confluence of the left and right forks south of Sandyville, Sandy Creek flows west-northwestward, through the community of Silverton to Ravenswood, where it flows into the Ohio River from the east.[7]

According to the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, approximately 80% of the Sandy Creek watershed is forested, mostly deciduous. Approximately 19% is used for pasture and agriculture, and less than 1% is urban.[5]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has also been known historically as Big Sandy Creek and as Buffalo Creek.[4] A 1906 report of the West Virginia Department of Archives transcribes the name in an unspecified Native American language as Mol-chu-con-ic-kon.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Google Earth elevation for GNIS source coordinates. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
  2. ^ a b c Geographic Names Information System. "Geographic Names Information System entry for Left Fork Sandy Creek (Feature ID #1541719)". Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  3. ^ a b Geographic Names Information System. "Geographic Names Information System entry for Right Fork Sandy Creek (Feature ID #1545698)". Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  4. ^ a b c d Geographic Names Information System. "Geographic Names Information System entry for Sandy Creek (Feature ID #1546404)". Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  5. ^ a b West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection. "Watershed Atlas Project.". pp. Middle Ohio River 2. Archived from the original on 2005-04-04. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  6. ^ a b c United States Environmental Protection Agency. "Watershed Assessment, Tracking & Environmental Results: Assessment Summary for Reporting Year 2008, West Virginia, Upper Ohio-Shade Watershed". Archived from the original on 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2011-10-13. 
  7. ^ a b c West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. p. 33. ISBN 0-89933-246-3. 
  8. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, West Virginia: The Place Name Press. p. 553.