Jackson County, West Virginia

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Jackson County, West Virginia
Jackson County Courthouse Ripley.jpg
The Jackson County Courthouse in Ripley in 2007
Map of West Virginia highlighting Jackson County
Location in the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1831
Named for Andrew Jackson
Seat Ripley
Largest city Ravenswood
Area
 • Total 472 sq mi (1,222 km2)
 • Land 464 sq mi (1,202 km2)
 • Water 7.3 sq mi (19 km2), 1.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 29,237
 • Density 63/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.jacksoncounty.wv.gov

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,211.[1] Its county seat is Ripley,[2] and its largest municipality is Ravenswood. The county was formed in 1831 from parts of Kanawha, Wood, and Mason Counties, and named for Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 472 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 464 square miles (1,200 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5] The Ohio River forms part of Jackson County's western border. Sandy Creek and Mill Creek, tributaries of the Ohio, flow through the northern and central portions of the county.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,890
1850 6,544 33.8%
1860 8,306 26.9%
1870 10,300 24.0%
1880 16,312 58.4%
1890 19,021 16.6%
1900 22,987 20.9%
1910 20,956 −8.8%
1920 18,658 −11.0%
1930 16,124 −13.6%
1940 16,598 2.9%
1950 15,299 −7.8%
1960 18,541 21.2%
1970 20,903 12.7%
1980 25,794 23.4%
1990 25,938 0.6%
2000 28,000 7.9%
2010 29,211 4.3%
Est. 2015 29,237 [7] 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 28,000 people, 11,061 households, and 8,207 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 12,245 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.75% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. 0.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,061 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.60% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,434, and the median income for a family was $38,021. Males had a median income of $32,991 versus $20,253 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,205. About 12.20% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,211 people, 11,931 households, and 8,503 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 62.9 inhabitants per square mile (24.3/km2). There were 13,305 housing units at an average density of 28.7 per square mile (11.1/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 22.4% were American, 18.4% were German, 15.7% were Irish, and 13.7% were English.[15]

Of the 11,931 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, and 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 42.2 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,406 and the median income for a family was $49,395. Males had a median income of $42,862 versus $32,376 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,633. About 14.6% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democrat
2012 63.90% 7,408 33.24% 3,854
2008 58.42% 7,148 39.73% 4,861
2004 58.41% 7,686 40.92% 5,384
2000 55.05% 6,341 42.86% 4,937

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/counties/jackson.html
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 167. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2015. 
  6. ^ West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. pp. 32–33. ISBN 0-89933-246-3. 
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-04-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°50′N 81°40′W / 38.83°N 81.67°W / 38.83; -81.67