Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán
|Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán|
|Municipality||Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán is a village and municipality in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, located northeast of Oaxaca city. It is part of the Nochixtlán District in the southeast of the Mixteca Region. It is 2,140 meters above sea level. Its name comes from the patron saint of the town (Saint Dominic) and the last part is from Náhuatl meaning “near something new”.
The town was founded by Dominican friars 10 years after the Spanish came to Oaxaca. Historically, in colonial times, Yanhuitlán was an important commercial center of the Mixtec people, exporting silk to Mexico City, Puebla and Oaxaca city. Communal earnings are kept in chests locked with three keys to conserve them for the cultural development of each of the seven “neighborhoods” of Yanahuitlán: Ayuxu Dana, Xayujo, Tico, Tinde, Yudayo. Yuxacoyo y Yuyuxa.
The municipality is dominated by the Templo y Ex-convento de Santo Domingo (Temple and former convent of Saint Dominic), built around the middle of the 16th century on pre-Hispanic foundations. It has a notable façade, baptismal font, “sotocoro” roof, a large number of fine colonial-era santos (statues of the saints) various altarpieces (retablos) on the sides of the church as well as a main altarpiece constructed like a folding screen. It also contains an antique pipe organ built around 1700 and restored to playing condition by Pascal Quoirin in 1998.
The codex was written by its inhabitants around 1550, made on European paper, dated 1550 to 1570, to celebrate the agreement between chiefs, religious and encomendero, the document also intended to take stock of what had in taxes and tequitl work or the community to their new rulers. It is currently in the special collections of the José María Lafragua Historical Library of the Autonomous University of Puebla.
As municipal seat, Yanhuitlán has governing jurisdiction over the following communities:
Barrio de los Arcos, Caja de Agua, El Jazmín, La Cantera, La Cieneguilla, La Laguna, Los Dos Corazones, Rancho Celerino, vendaño, Río Grande, San Sebastián (Primera Sección), Tijua, Tooxi, Xaacahua, Xacañi, Xahayucuanino, Yucudahuico, Yudayo, and Yuxaxiño
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México".
- Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (August 2007). "La Mixteca y sus fabulosos conventos". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca. 137: 80.
- Santos in Oaxaca's Ancient Churches: Yanhuitlán Retrieved 2012-4-17.
- "Instituto de Órganos Históricos de Oaxaca: Yanhuitlán".
- "Biblioteca Digital Mexicana".