Sapatgram

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Sapatgram
সাপটগ্ৰাম
city
Sapatgram is located in Assam
Sapatgram
Sapatgram
Sapatgram is located in India
Sapatgram
Sapatgram
Location in Assam, India
Coordinates: 26°20′N 90°08′E / 26.33°N 90.13°E / 26.33; 90.13Coordinates: 26°20′N 90°08′E / 26.33°N 90.13°E / 26.33; 90.13
Country  India
State Assam
District Dhubri
Government
 • Body Sapatgram Town Committee
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 12,163
Languages
 • Official Assamese
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration AS

Sapatgram (IPA: ˈsæpətˌgræm) is a town and a town area committee in Dhubri district in the Indian state of Assam.

Geography[edit]

Sapatgram is located at 26°20′N 90°08′E / 26.33°N 90.13°E / 26.33; 90.13.[1] It has an average elevation of 27 metres (88 feet). It is on the river Sankosh.It is a border town in between Dhubri and Kokrajhar Districts of Assam. The distance between Dhubri and Sapatgram is 47.6 km.

Demographics[edit]

Sapatgram is one of the oldest towns in Dhubri District of Assam. According to the 2011 Census, it is a Class-IV Town. The Town area is 2.95 km² = 4,123.1 inh./km. The total population of the town as per 2011 census is 12,163. An average of (+03%) population growth has been recorded in between 2001 and 2011. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Sapatgram has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 88%, and female literacy is 78%. In Sapatgram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. The town is inhabited by Bengali and Assamese speaking people.

History[edit]

Sapatgram is an ancient human habitation. Originally Sapatgram belonged to the ancient Koch Hajo (1581-1616) Kingdom under Raghudev and his son Parikshit Narayan of the Koch dynasty that stretched from Sankosh river in the west to the Bhareli river in the east on the north bank of River Brahmaputra. It was created by dividing the Kamata Kingdom then under Nara Narayana in medieval Assam. The western boundary, the Sankosh river, is roughly the boundary between the present-day Assam and West Bengal. The western portion of the Kamata Kingdom came to be called Koch Bihar. The name Hajo comes from a legendary king Hajo the Koch, an ancestor of the Koch dynasty, who ruled over the Rangpur district in present-day Bangladesh and some regions of Assam. In 1602, the Nawab of Dhaka and a Mughal governor moved by Lakshmi Narayan (ruler of Koch Bihar) and others attacked Parikshit Narayan, the ruler of Koch Hajo. Parikshit was defeated at Dhubri in 1614. The Mughals then appointed Kabisekhar as the kanungo and instructed Sheikh Ibrahim Karori to set up a Mughal system of administration. The Mughals appointed Bijit Narayan, son of Parikshit Narayan, as the zamindar of the region between river Sankosh and Manas. And he became the founder of the Bijni branch of the Koch royal family which finally settled in Abhayapuri. Sapatgram on the Sonkosh became a part of two estates—Bijni and Porbatjoha. The line of demarcation ran through the middle of the present township of Sapatgram. After the independence Sapatgram came under Goalpara District which was created by the British in 1876. At present Sapatgram is a prominent town of Dhubri district which was created splitting Goalpara district in 1983.

Education[edit]

It possesses five renowned high schools including one English Medium Private School and a High Madrasa. Established in 1936, Sapatgram Bengali High School has earned the fame of one of the earliest sites of quality education in Assam. Sapatgram Amalgamated Academy, the other one, was established in 1939. It has earned comparatively better achievement-records mainly because of its erstwhile Headmaster, Late Panchanon Medhi, who had been acclaimed with ‘Best teacher and educationist’ award by the Central Govt. The town possesses an Arts College named ‘Sapatgram College’. It was established in 1972. The College has already earned the status of ‘a lead site of quality education under Gauhati University, Assam’. Besides, there exists a number of Bengali, Assamese and Hindi medium Primary Schools in this border town in between Dhubri and Kokrajhar district of Assam. The town has a Police Station (Thana) and a Post Office. The PIN is 783337.

Transport[edit]

Sapatgram came to the map of Indian Railways in the pre-independence period. The Rail station was established in July, 1928. Though presently degraded because of demographic causes,Sapatgram (SPX) was a major railway station of NF Railway connecting the North East with the rest of India having a passage through Bangladesh. At present the town has excellent road communication avenues also.The river Sankosh has nearly dried up and as such it is no longer used for communication.

Occupation and Livelihood[edit]

Sapatgram was once a distinguished timber-trading centre in Assam. But the main occupation of the locality was cultivation, not timber-business as highlighted in the elitist history. At present the main source of livelihood of the town is cultivation and business.

Importance[edit]

Sapatgram is famous for a huge Hindu Temple named ‘Lilananda Ashram’. The temple was established by Thakur Lilananda in 1946. It is located at a village named ‘Santipur’ at the outskirt of Sapatgram town. The holy shrine possesses a number of temples of various Hindu deities spread in an area of more than one hundred bighas of land. One of the unique features of the temple is its provision for round-the-clock ‘Hari Naam Sankirtan’. This has been going on since the very day of the establishment of the temple. Besides, the disciples of Thakur Lilananda popularly known as ‘Pagla Baba’ celebrate the ‘Ratha Yatra’ festival with pomp and pleasure every year. At present an infrastructural renovation of the temple and revamping of its religious and social activities have been going on.

Sources[edit]

  • Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner (web), Delimitation Commission of India (web), Rand McNally International Atlas 1994, School of Planning & Architecture (web).
  • ALPHABETICAL LIST OF TOWNS AND THEIR POPULATION, ASSAM: 94. Sapatgram (TC) [ASM, Population: 12126, Class - IV]

References[edit]

<i.www.goalpara.govt.in ii.www.dhubri.govt.inreferences/> Habibur Islam