Sarkar (country subdivision)
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Sarkar (Hindi: सरकार, Persian: سركار also spelt Circar) is an historical administrative unit, used mostly in the Mughal states of India. It was a division of a Subah or province. A sarkar was further divided into Mahallas or Parganas.
- Northern Circars, the five individual states making up a former division of British India's Madras Presidency
- Pakhli, an ancient sarkar now part of Hazara, Pakistan
- Pakhal Sarkar, an area of Mansehra district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Circar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 380.
- Akhter, Nasrin (2012). "Sarkar". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Akhtar, Shirin (2012). "Chakla System". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
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