Sarkar (country subdivision)

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Sarkar (Hindi: सरकार, Persian: سركار‎‎ also spelt Circar)[1] is an historical administrative unit,[2] used mostly in the Mughal states of India. It was a division of a Subah[2] or province. A sarkar was further divided into Mahallas or Parganas.[2]

The Sarkar system was replaced in the early 18th century by the Chakla system.[3]

See also[edit]

  • Northern Circars, the five individual states making up a former division of British India's Madras Presidency
  • Pakhli, an ancient sarkar now part of Hazara, Pakistan
  • Pakhal Sarkar, an area of Mansehra district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Circar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 380. 
  2. ^ a b c Akhter, Nasrin (2012). "Sarkar". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  3. ^ Akhtar, Shirin (2012). "Chakla System". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.