Sarumaru Dayū

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Sarumaru no Taifu by Kanō Tan’yū, 1648

Sarumaru no Taifu, also known as Sarumaru no Dayū (猿丸大夫?, sarumaru no taifu/dayū) was a waka poet in the early Heian period. He is a member of the Thirty Six Poetic Sages (三十六歌仙?, sanjūrokkasen), but there are no detailed histories or legends about him. There is a possibility that there never was such a person. Some believe him to have been Prince Yamashiro no Ōe.

Poetry example[edit]

The following waka is attributed to Taifu. It is a classic Autumn Poem (秋歌?, aki no uta).


oku yama ni momiji fumiwake nakushika no kowe kiku toki zo aki ha kanashiki
loosely: Deep in the mountains, as I hear the cries of deer walking through momiji— Oh! How sad the Autumn feels to me!
(Kokinshū 4:215, and also in Ogura Hyakunin Isshu:5)


  • Papinot, Edmond (1910). Historical and geographical dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha.
  1. This article is based on information in the equivalent article in the Japanese Wikipedia.