Japan, officially Nippon (日本) is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of China, Korea and Russia. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes identified as the "Land of the Rising Sun".
Japan comprises over 3,000 islands, the largest of which are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku. Most of the islands are mountainous, many volcanic; for example, Japan’s highest peak, Mount Fuji, is a volcano. Japan has the world's tenth largest population, with about 128 million people. The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents.
Influence from the outside world followed by long periods of isolation has characterized Japan's history. Since adopting its constitution in 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary constitutional monarchy with an emperor and an elected parliament, the Diet.
A major economic power, Japan has the world's third largest economy by nominal GDP. It is a member of the United Nations, G8, G4, OECD and APEC, with the world's fifth largest defense budget. It is also the world's fourth largest exporter and sixth largest importer and a world leader in technology and machinery.
is a city
located in the south-central portion of Gifu Prefecture
, and serves as the prefectural capital. The city has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the Sengoku period
, various warlords, including Oda Nobunaga
, used the area as a base in an attempt to unify and control Japan. Gifu continued to flourish even after Japan's unification as both an important shukuba
along the Edo period Nakasendō
and, later, as one of Japan's fashion centers. Before becoming a modern city, it was part of the former Atsumi District, but it has since been designated a core city
by the national government. Located on the alluvial plain
of the Nagara River
, Gifu has taken advantage of the surrounding natural resources to create both traditional industries (including Mino washi
and agriculture) and tourism opportunities like cormorant fishing
. Mount Kinka
, one of the city's major symbols, is home to a nationally designated forest and Gifu Castle
, a replica of Nobunaga's former castle. Gifu also hosts many festivals and events throughout the year. Two major rail lines connect Gifu to Japan's national and international transportation infrastructure. JR Central
's Tōkaidō Main Line
runs through the city, connecting it with Nagoya
, one of Japan's largest cities, and the surrounding area. The city has a direct train route to Chūbu Centrair International Airport
and facilities capable of hosting international events. Gifu has active relationships with six sister cities
Drawing of a revealing figure named Sythatia that includes typical manga and anime elements. The drawing also illustrates the term ecchi, which describes vague sexual content such as skimpy clothing, partial or full nudity.
On this day...
||Why is Japan considered Western and China not? There is no map of the West.
|— Guy Sorman, French philosopher, author and economist
was a pioneering Swiss
photographer whose albumen photographs
, which include stereographs
, comprise portraits, cityscapes, and landscapes. He was commissioned by the London
firm of Negretti and Zambra
to travel to Asia
and document the progress of the Anglo
troops in the Second Opium War
and, although he failed to join that military expedition, he remained in Asia for several years, producing the first commercial photographs of China
, the Philippines
and Siam (now Thailand
). He was the first professional photographer in Japan, where he trained Ueno Hikoma
, Maeda Genzō
, Horie Kuwajirō
, as well as lesser known members of the first generation of Japanese photographers. In Switzerland he established photographic studios
, and he also produced images elsewhere in the country. Rossier is an important figure in the early history of photography not only because of his own images, but also because of the critical impact of his teaching in the early days of Japanese photography.
In the news
March 7: 9 people die in a helicopter crash in Nagano.
- July 5: FIFA World Cup 2018 Last 16: Brazil, Belgium advance at expense of Mexico, Japan
- July 1: FIFA World Cup 2018 day 12, 13, 14, 15: Iran, Nigeria, Germany, Senegal out of the tournament
- June 27: FIFA World Cup 2018 day eight, nine, ten, eleven: Belgium, England confirm knockout phase qualification; Poland, Costa Rica miss out Last 16
- June 20: FIFA World Cup 2018 day six: Japan, Senegal, Russia win three points
- June 12: Japan's National Diet passes law allowing Emperor Akihito to abdicate within three years
- January 23: Federer beats Nishikori in Australian Open's fourth round
- December 24: Fire engulfs 140 buildings in Itoigawa, Japan
- October 6: Yoshinori Ohsumi wins Nobel Prize for research on autophagy
- October 3: Indonesian authorities investigate after pornographic film screened on billboard in Jakarta
- August 25: North Korea fires balistic missile from submarine
Did you know...
These are all of the Japan-related portals on Wikipedia:
Coordinates: 36°30′N 139°00′E / 36.5°N 139°E