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Sativa, Sativus, and Sativum are Latin botanical adjectives meaning cultivated, used to designate certain seed-grown domestic crops.
Sativa (ending in -a) is the feminine form of the adjective, but masculine (-us) and neuter (-um) endings are also used to agree with the gender of the nouns they modify. For example, the masculine Crocus sativus and neuter Pisum sativum.
Examples of crops incorporating this word and its variations into their Latin name include:
- Daucus carota subsp. sativus, the carrot, a plant species
- Avena sativa, the common oat.
- Oryza sativa, rice.
- Cannabis sativa, one of two forms of widely consumed cannabis.
- Medicago sativa, alfalfa.
- Castanea sativa, sweet chestnut.