Save Our Secret Ballot
The Save Our Secret Ballot, Inc. (SOS) is a 501(c)(4) conservative advocacy organization created to promote states to pass constitutional amendments that would ban card check legislation. Former U.S. Congressman Ernest Istook (R-OK) is Chairman of the National Advisory Board.
Card check legislation
Since the National Labor Relations Act was passed, it has been legal for workers to form a union when a majority of employees in a bargaining unit sign cards indicating their intent to bargain collectively with the employer. According to a recent law review article, the National Labor Relations Board in its early days "certified on the record when there had been an agreement with the employer for card-check." It adds that "in the final year before the Taft-Hartley Act was passed [in 1947], 646 representation petitions were informally resolved through the card-check procedure."
In 1969, Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the majority opinion for the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the use of majority sign-up (card check). Warren stated, "Almost from the inception of the Act, then, it was recognized that a union did not have to be certified as the winner of a Board election to invoke a bargaining obligation; it could establish majority status by other means... by showing convincing support, for instance, by a union-called strike or strike vote, or, as here, by possession of cards signed by a majority of the employees authorizing the union to represent them for collective bargaining purposes." NLRB v. Gissel Packing Co., (1969). The Supreme Court has consistently ruled in favor of majority sign-up (card check), and Warren cited prior affirmations in NLRB v. Bradford Dyeing Assn., (1940); Franks Bros. Co. v. NLRB, (1944); United Mine Workers v. Arkansas Flooring Co., (1956).
Employee Free Choice Act
amend the National Labor Relations Act to establish an efficient system to enable employees to form, join, or assist labor organizations [unions], to provide for mandatory injunctions for unfair labor practices during organizing efforts, and for other purposes.
The Bill would, firstly, allow a union to be certified as the official union to bargain with an employer if union officials collect signatures of a majority of workers. The Bill would remove the present right of the employer to demand an additional, separate ballot where over half of employees have already given their signature supporting the union. Secondly, the Bill would require employers and unions to enter binding arbitration to produce a collective agreement at latest 120 days after a union is recognized. Thirdly, the Bill would increase penalties on employers who discriminate against workers for union involvement.
- Ernest Istook, former U.S. Congressman (R-OK)
- Pat Toomey, former U.S. Congressman (R-PA)
- Merrill Cook, former U.S. Congressman (R-UT)
- Adam Hasner, Florida House Minority Leader (R-FL)
- Gilbert Baker, State Senator (R-AK)
- John Loudon, State Senator (R-MO)
- Mark Meierhenry, former State Attorney General (R-SD)
- Mark Shurtleff, State Attorney General (R-UT)
- Troy King, State Attorney General (R-AL)
- Clint Bolick, member of Goldwater Institute
- Sydney Hay, President of the Arizona Mining Association
- Paul Jacob, founder of U.S. Term Limits
- Brian Johnson, Director of Alliance for Worker Freedom
- Jonathan Johnson, President of Overstock.com
- Joel Dillard and Jennifer Dillard, "Fetishizing the Electoral Process: The National Labor Relations Board's Problematic Embrace of Electoral Formalism," Seattle Journal for Social Justice, spring/summer 2008, p. 833
- 395 U.S. 575, 596–597
- 310 U.S. 318, 339–340
- 321 U.S. 702
- 351 U.S. 62
- Greenhouse, Steven (2009-03-11). "Fierce Lobbying Greets Bill to Help Workers Unionize". The New York Times.
- H.R. 800
- See generally, Beam, Christopher (2009-03-10). "Uncivil Union: Does card check kill the secret ballot or not?". Slate.
- "Ballot Measures - Election Center 2010 - Elections & Politics from CNN.com". CNN.