Sayaxché

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Sayaxché
Municipality of Guatemala
Ferry across Río de la Pasión in Sayaxché
Ferry across Río de la Pasión in Sayaxché
Sayaxché is located in Guatemala
Sayaxché
Sayaxché
Coordinates: 16°31′N 90°11′W / 16.517°N 90.183°W / 16.517; -90.183Coordinates: 16°31′N 90°11′W / 16.517°N 90.183°W / 16.517; -90.183
Country  Guatemala
Department ..El Petén Flag(GUATEMALA).png El Petén
Found 1874
Area
 • Total 3,904 km2 (1,507 sq mi)
Elevation 125 m (410 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 114,781
Climate Am
Website www.inforpressca.com/sayaxche/

Sayaxché (Spanish pronunciation: [saʝaʃˈtʃe]) is a municipality in the El Petén department of Guatemala, on the Río La Pasión river. It covers an area of 3,904 km2, and had 55,578 inhabitants at the 2002 Census; the latest official estimate (as at mid-2012) was 114,781 inhabitants.

The city was founded in 1874 to provide accommodation for forest workers of Jamet Sastré logging company. It obtained municipal status in 1929.

El Rosario National Park is located just east of the town. The archaeological sites of Ceibal and Dos Pilas are located within the municipal boundaries.

African oil palm[edit]

African oil palm plantation areas in Guatemala as of 2014.[1]

There is a large demand within Guatemala and some of its neighbors for edible oils and fats, which would explain how the African oil palm became so prevalent in the country in detriment of other oils, and which has allowed new companies associated to large capitals in a new investment phase that can be found particularly in some territories that form the Northern Transversal Strip of Guatemala.[2] The investors are trying to turn Guatemala into one of the main palm oil exporters, in spite of the decline on its international price. The most active region is found in Chisec and Cobán, in Alta Verapaz Department; Ixcán in Quiché Department, and Sayaxché, Petén Department, where Palmas del Ixcán, S.A. (PALIX) is located, both with its own plantation and those of subcontractors. Another active region is that of Fray Bartolomé de las Casas and Chahal in Alta Verapaz Department; El Estor and Livingston, Izabal Department; and San Luis, Petén, where Naturaceites operates.[2]

Archeological sites[edit]

Sajaxché has thirty two archeological locations; among the most visited are: El Ceibal, Dos Pilas and El Duende, Aguateca, and Cancuén.

Site Descriptionn
El Ceibal Approximately at 22 km from Sayaxché Vlla. It was restored between 1963 and 1968 by Harvard University scholars.
Dos Pilas Approximately at 28 km southwest of Sayaxché Villa. It has two crystalline creeks and Mayan sculptures in excellent condition.
Aguateca In the same area as Dos Pilas, it is characterized by a well defined geological fault.
Cancuén This site has gained notoriety because of the discovery of several monumental structures. It is located at the border of La Pasión river and close to Chisec, in Alta Verapaz Department.

Tourism[edit]

Sayaxché is at the tourism center of Petén Department. The closest tourist attractions to the municipality are:

Site Description
Petexbatún This is a large lagoon, with crystalline water and virgin jungle. It is an appropriate place of fishing, water sports, hunting and animal studies.
San Juan Acul Only 14 km from Sayaxché by land or 16 km by boat, San Juan Acul is a small lagoon practically unexplored.
Arroyo El Pucte Located at 36 km by boat across the La Pasión river, its crystalline waters allow one to see its bottom.
Salinas River It is the natural border between México and Guatemala and has long shores with fine and brilliant sand.
El Rosario National Park Located 4 km away from Sayaxché villa, has forests and a small lake in the middle. It is controlled by the National Forestry Institute and has 10.79 km².

Ecological disaster[edit]

On June 6, 2015, residents around Río La Pasión River reported the finding of a high count of dead fish floating along the river.[3]

On June 11, 2015, Guatemala's authorities inspected palm oil extracting company "Reforestadora de Palmas de Petén, S.A." (REPSA), located in Sayaxché, and found traces Malathion in the company's tributaries leading to Río La Pasión river.[4]

Tranquilino Xojalaj, administrator of REPSA declared that heavy rain caused the treatment wells to flood into the river,[5] however the company is denying any involvement in the disaster,[6] stating that they do not use Malathion as pesticide.

As of June 15, 2015, contamination has extended to over 105 km downstream and is affecting over 5,600 families (around 30,000 residents) from 16 communities by the riverside. These communities are dependable on the river's water supply and also for their fishing activities.[7]

The pollution is threatening to extend to Río Usumacinta river, which travels all the way to México, and may continue its way towards the rivers in Tabasco.[8]

Climate[edit]

Sayaxché has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen: Am).

Climate data for Sayaxché
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
28.0
(82.4)
29.7
(85.5)
31.5
(88.7)
32.4
(90.3)
31.7
(89.1)
30.1
(86.2)
30.5
(86.9)
30.2
(86.4)
29.1
(84.4)
27.9
(82.2)
26.7
(80.1)
29.54
(85.19)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
23.1
(73.6)
24.9
(76.8)
26.6
(79.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.2
(81)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.1
(77.2)
23.8
(74.8)
22.3
(72.1)
25.11
(77.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.2
(64.8)
20.2
(68.4)
21.7
(71.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
21.1
(70)
19.7
(67.5)
17.9
(64.2)
20.73
(69.32)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 86
(3.39)
62
(2.44)
42
(1.65)
45
(1.77)
160
(6.3)
236
(9.29)
216
(8.5)
215
(8.46)
268
(10.55)
251
(9.88)
144
(5.67)
115
(4.53)
1,840
(72.43)
Source: Climate-Data.org[9]


Geographic location[edit]

The municipality has a surface of 3908 km2 and corresponds to the 10.89% of Petén Department.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Solano 15 July 2015, p. 6.
  2. ^ a b Solano 15 July 2015, p. 1
  3. ^ "Palma Africana: La Farsa de la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial". Cmiguate.org (in Spanish). 11 June 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Hallan plaguicida en aguas del río La Pasión". www.s21.com.gt. Siglo21.com.gt. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-18. 
  5. ^ Escobar, R.; Alvarado, H.; Alvarez, C. (11 June 2015). "Mortandad de peces abarca 105 kilómetros". Prensalibre.com. Retrieved 2015-06-18. 
  6. ^ "Repsa niega responsabilidad en contaminación" (in Spanish). Siglo21.com.gt. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Escobar, R.; Alvarado, H.; Alvarez, C. (11 June 2015). "Mortandad de peces abarca 105 kilómetros" (in Spanish). Prensalibre.com. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Paredes, Fredy (6 May 2015). "Empresa guatemalteca contamina al río Usumacinta en México" (in Spanish). Diariodelatarde.com.mx. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Climate: Sayaxché". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  10. ^ Asociación de Amigos del País (2004). Diccionario histórico biográfico de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala: Amigos del País, Fundación para la Cultura y el Desarrollo. ISBN 99922-44-01-1. 
  11. ^ a b Rodríguez 2008, p. 2

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]