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A scientific myth is a myth about science. For example, scientific discoveries are often presented in a mythological way with a theory being presented as a dramatic flash of insight by a heroic individual rather than as the result of sustained experiment and reasoning. For example, Newton's law of universal gravitation is commonly presented as the result of an apple falling upon his head. Newton's observation of an apple falling did indeed play a part in starting him thinking about the problem but it took him about twenty years to fully develop the theory and so the story of the apple has been described as a myth.
The extent to which this occurs and is problematical is debatable. Scientific historian Douglas Allchin suggests that mythical accounts are misleading because they present the results as handed down by authority figures and understate the importance of error and its resolution by the scientific method. In responding to this, Westerlund and Fairbanks agreed that romantic accounts of science tend to distort its nature but, in the case of Mendel's discovery of the rules of inheritance, they argue that Allchin's criticism of Mendel's role and reasoning is over-stated.
Scientific mythology and science
The cause of the scientific myths is the desire of the human mind to generalize, without waiting for complete information about the subject matter. Their appearance in the science associated with the study of new areas of expertise, which was initially little reliable information. In this situation, put forward hypotheses based on empirical experience in other areas of science. In this case, people thinking the phenomenon under study based on experience in other areas (by analogy).
- Scott Berkun (27 August 2010), The Myths of Innovation, O'Reilly Media, Inc., p. 4, ISBN 978-1-4493-8962-8
- Douglas Allchin (20 March 2003), "Scientific myth-conceptions", Science Education 87 (3): 329–351, doi:10.1002/sce.10055
- Julie Westerlund, Daniel Fairbanks (7 June 2004), "Gregor Mendel and "myth-conceptions"", Science Education 88 (5), doi:10.1002/sce.20007
- Magnus Pyke (1962), The Science Myth, Macmillan
- E. A. Bayne (1969), The Social Reality of Scientific Myth, Science and Social Change, American Universities Field Staff
- Earl R. Mac Cormac (1976), Metaphor and Myth in Science and Religion, Duke University Press
- Yehoyakim Stein (2005), The Psychoanalysis Of Science: The Role Of Metaphor, Paraprax, Lacunae And Myth, Sussex Academic Press, ISBN 9781845190705
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