Scotch Cap Light
|Location||Unimak Island, Alaska, US|
|Coordinates||54°23′40″N 164°44′41″W / 54.3944°N 164.7447°W|
|Operator||United States Coast Guard|
|Height||26 ft (7.9 m)|
|Power source||solar power|
|Operator||United States Coast Guard|
|Focal height||110 ft (34 m)|
|Range||9 nmi (17 km; 10 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 6s|
|Lens||third order Fresnel lens|
|Height||45 ft (14 m)|
|Deactivated||1 April 1946|
The Scotch Cap Light is a series of lighthouses located on the southwest corner of Unimak Island in Alaska. It was the first station established on the outside coast of Alaska.
In 1903, the Scotch Cap Light was built. The original lighthouse was a 45-foot (14 meter) wood tower on an octagonal wood building. According to the Coast Guard Historian's Office, the lighthouse was witness to several ship wrecks.
In 1909, the cannery supply ship Columbia wrecked. The 194 crew members were guests of the keepers for two weeks before a rescue ship could remove them. In 1930, the Japanese freighter Koshun Maru became lost in a snowstorm and beached near the light. In 1940, a new concrete reinforced lighthouse and fog-signal building was erected near the site of the original lighthouse. In 1942, the Russian freighter Turksib wrecked near the station. The 60 survivors lived at the station for several weeks because rough seas prevented a rescue ship from reaching the station.
The 1940 aid to navigation was the "twin" of the Sand Hills Light in Michigan's Keweenaw Peninsula, replicating much of its design.
On April 1, 1946, the station was destroyed by a massive tsunami created by a powerful earthquake. The entire five-man crew was killed; they were Anthony Petit, the lighthouse keeper; Jack Colvin, fireman first class; Dewey Dykstra, seaman first class; Leonard Pickering, motor machinist's mate second class; and Paul James Ness, seaman first class. This was the worst disaster to ever befall a land-based Coast Guard light station. Keeper-class cutter USCGC Anthony Petit (WLM-558), based in Ketchikan, Alaska, is named in honor of the fallen lighthouse keeper.
In 1946, in the wake of the tsunami disaster, a temporary unwatched light was established. The new permanent structure was completed in the early 1950s, and the temporary light was discontinued. The lighthouse was automated in 1971. A skeletal tower replaced the 1950s structure, and the fog signal was discontinued.
- ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Alaska". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
- ^ Alaska Historic Light Station Information & Photography United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 8 June 2016
- ^ Scotch Cape Light Lighthouse Explorer. Retrieved 8 June 2016
- ^ a b "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Alaska" (PDF). United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
- ^ Sand Hills Light Bed and Breakfast, Exploring the North.
- ^ DrGeorgePC website with photos
- ^ Baker, James, "Tsunami at Scotch Cap", March 2005, Lighthouse Digest.
- ^ "Congressional Record (Bound Edition), Volume 145 (1999), Part 1 - BMC ANTHONY LAWRENCE PETIT AND THE SCOTCH CAP LIGHTHOUSE".
- ^ Dennis, Dowling. "The Demise Of Scotch Cap Light Station". Archived from the original on 19 March 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Alaska". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- ^ U.S.C.G.C. Anthony Petit.
"BMC Anthony Lawrence Petit and the Scotch Cap Lighthouse," Congressional Record, vol. 145, part 1 (1999), pp. 1305-1306, https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CRECB-1999-pt1/html/CRECB-1999-pt1-Pg1305-2.htm.
- Pages using infobox lighthouse with custom Wikidata item
- Lighthouses in Alaska
- Unimak Island
- Buildings and structures in Aleutians East Borough, Alaska
- Lighthouses completed in 1903
- Rebuilt buildings and structures in the United States
- Lighthouses completed in 1940
- Lighthouses completed in 1950
- 1903 establishments in Alaska