Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater

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The Duke of Bridgewater
Arms of Egerton: Argent, a lion rampant gules between three pheons sable[1]

Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater (11 August 1681 – 11 January 1744), known as Viscount Brackley from 1687 to 1701 and as the Earl of Bridgewater from 1701 to 1720, was a British peer and courtier from the Egerton family. Originally the 4th Earl of Bridgewater he was created Duke of Bridgewater on 18 June 1720 with the subsidiary title Marquess of Brackley.

Early life[edit]

Scroop Egerton was born on 11 August 1681, the third son of John Egerton, 3rd Earl of Bridgewater and his second wife Jane Paulet. His maternal grandparents were Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton and his second wife Mary Scrope. Mary was a natural daughter of Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland.[2]

There is evidence that he was educated at the Croydon School of John Whitgift.[citation needed]


He served as Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire twice, first from 1702 to 1711 and next from 1714 to 1728, as a Whig. He was employed in the household of Prince George of Denmark as Gentleman of the Bedchamber and Master of the Horse. He later served as Lord Chamberlain to Caroline of Ansbach, then Princess of Wales, and subsequently as Lord of the Bedchamber to her husband King George II.[citation needed]

Family life[edit]

On 9 February 1703, Bridgewater married his first wife Lady Elizabeth Churchill. She was a daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough. They had two children:

On 4 August 1722, Bridgewater married his second wife Lady Rachel Russell. She was a daughter of Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford and his wife Elizabeth Howland. They had seven children:


  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.1077, Duke of Sutherland
  2. ^ Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (2014); Burke's Peeraage and Baronetage (2003), pp.1233-4
  3. ^ Walpole, Horace, p.278, A Catalogue of the Royal and Noble Authors of England, Scotland, and Ireland: With Lists of Their Works:, Vol 5. Retrieved 24 Jan 2010.
  4. ^ a b Retrieved August 2012
  5. ^ Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (2014); Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, vol.1 of 2, pp.1233-4
  • Mosley, Charles (2010). Burke's Peerage and Baronetage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Cassells. 
  • Kidd, Charles (2014). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. London: Debrett's publishing Ltd. 

External links[edit]

Court offices
New title Lord Chamberlain to Caroline, Princess of Wales
1714 – 1717
Succeeded by
The Earl of Grantham
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Viscount Newhaven
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1703 – 1711
Succeeded by
The Duke of Kent
Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire
1714 – 1728
Succeeded by
The Viscount Cobham
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Duke of Bridgewater
1720 – 1744
Succeeded by
John Egerton
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Egerton
Earl of Bridgewater
2nd creation
1701 – 1744
Succeeded by
John Egerton