Scutigera

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Scutigera
Scutigera coleoptrata MHNT .jpg
Scutigera coleoptrata, the house centipede
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Chilopoda
Order: Scutigeromorpha
Family: Scutigeridae
Genus: Scutigera
Lamarck, 1801
Type species
Scutigera coleoptrata
Linnaeus, 1758, by original designation.
Species

See text

Synonyms
  • Cermatia Illiger, 1807
  • Cryptomera Rafinesque, 1820
  • Dendrothereua Verhoeff, 1944
  • Lassophora Verhoeff, 1905
  • Selista Rafinesque, 1820

Scutigera is a centipede genus in the family Scutigeridae.

Member of the genus have pseudofaceted eyes. This type of eye consists of a cluster of numerous ocelli on each side of the head, organised in a way that resembles a true compound eye, a type of eye found in arthropods. Most myriapods bear stemmata - that is, single lensed eyes which evolved by the reduction of a compound eye. However, the genus Scutigera has secondarily re-evolved a compound eye composed of repeated stemmata.[1] These appear to grow in rows which are inserted between existing rows of ocelli.

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paulus, H.F. (2000), "Phylogeny of the Myriapoda-Crustacea-Insecta: a new attempt using photoreceptor structure*", Journal of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research 38 (3): 189–208, doi:10.1046/j.1439-0469.2000.383152.x 
  • Lamarck J.-B., 1801. "Système des animaux sans vertebres". Paris, Deterville VIII + 432 pp., see p. 182.
  • Würmli, M., 1977. "Zur Systematik der Gattung Scutigera (Chilopoda: Scutigeridae)". Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg N.F. 20: 123-131, see p. 123.


External links[edit]

  • Media related to Scutigera at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Scutigera at Wikispecies