Second Battle of Clusium (82 BC)
|Second Battle of Clusium|
|Part of Sulla's Second Civil War|
A bust of Pompeius Magnus.
|Commanders and leaders|
|Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus|| Gaius Carrinas
Gaius Marcius Censorinus
|20,000 Legionaries||25,000 Legionaries|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Faventia was a battle that took place in September of 82 BC at Faventia during the context of Sulla's Second Civil War. The battle pitted the Optimates under the command of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius against the Populares forces commanded by Gaius Norbanus Balbus. The battle resulted in an Optimate victory.
Through the course of the campaign of 82 BC, the Populares forces had divided into two groups, those in the north under the command of Gnaeus Papirius Carbo, and those in the south who were commanded by Gaius Marius the Younger. Sulla had successfully defeated Marius Battle of Sacriporto and had managed to pin Marius and his fellow survivors under a siege at Preneste. Rome itself soon after had fallen to the Optimates. Soon after, the war had shifted to Etruria where Sulla engaged in a pitched cavalry skirmish against Populare forces near the Glanis River, emerging victorious. His forces managed to defeat those of Gnaeus Papirius Carbo after expelling Carbo from Picenum.
After the successive Populare defeates at the Battles of Faventia Fidentia, Gnaeus Papirius Carbo became disenchanted with his role in the Sullan opposition. Despite having 30,000 soldiers near Clusium, two legions under Lucius Junius Brutus Damasipus, and a contingent of Samnite and Lucani soldiers, he decided instead to flee to Africa.
The troops that were encamped at Clusium were placed under the joint command of Gaius Carrinas and Gaius Marcius Censorinus. These forces came under attack by Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus and nearly two thirds of their army was wiped out in that confrontation. The surviving Populares fled towards the camp of Lucius Junius Brutus Damasipus.
- Appian, The Civil Wars.
- Mommsen, Theodor (1856a). Historia de Roma 3. Translated by Alejo García Moreno. Madrid: Turner, 2003. ISBN 84-7506-607-0.
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