Service France Domaine
Service France Domaine is a French government agency, which plays a central role in the property management of state-owned real estate in France. France Domaine acts as the owner of the state real estate, and advises various public administrations in activities related to real estate, for instance by coordinating the real estate strategy for different ministries. France Domaine functions under the ministry for budget and state reform (Ministère du Budget, des comptes publics, de la fonction publique et de la réforme de l'État).
Since 2007, all ministries in the central administration pay internal rent to France Domaine for their use of state-owned real estate. France Domaine is tasked with disposing property that is no longer used by the government, and which has become too costly or outdated to maintain. All in all, its real estate operations include buying, selling, renting, and development. Together with approximately 150 regional and local treasury offices under the Public Treasury (Trésor public), France Domaine performs all activities relating to the management of government property assets. The aims for France Domaine include to ensure that state property is efficiently managed, increasing the quality of public services, while at the same time reducing costs; and also improving the working environment for government employees.
State real estate stock
The state is the largest owner of real property in France. In 2008, the French government property assets were valued at approximately 45 billion EUR. A study done circa 2003 concluded that the government real estate stock comprised 120 to 150 million square meters of floor space, half of which was offices; the remainder consisting of warehouses, archival buildings, and some 300 000 residential buildings. Approximately 80% of this real estate is occupied by government ministries and public administrative organizations.
Sale of state-owned real estate
In 2005, the French government formed a strategy for state-owned real estate. One of the goals was to reduce government debt by selling state-owned real estate on the market. In 2005 the sales yielded 635 million EUR, and 798 million EUR in 2006. However, only 15% of the returns would be used to reduce public debt. The larger part would be used as an economic incentive to economise on real estate holdings, by being returned to the ministries that previously occupied the property.
Examples of such sales include:
- The St. Anne Prison in Avignon, built in 1865 during the reign of Napoleon III.
- The former residence of the commander of the French Foreign Legion.
- A foreign ministry building proximal to Champs-Élysées, near the Arc de Triomphe. Sold for 600 million dollars.
- The Washington Post 2007.
- Trésor Public and France Domaine 2007, p.1
- Eurointelligence 2007
- OECD public governance committee, p. 20.
- France Domaine 2007.
- Regional European Forum on Reinventing Government, p. 1
- Ministère du Budget
- Trésor Public and France Domaine 2007, p. 2.
- Trésor Public and France Domaine 2007, p. 3.
- Managing Government Property Assets 2007, p. 103. The information from this section might be from as early as 2003.
- Business Immo 2008.
- Ministère du Budget, des comptes publics, de la fonction publique et de la réforme de l'État (2009). "Cessions immobilières de l'Etat" [Transfers of state-owned real estate] (in French). Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Regional European Forum on Reinventing Government (2007). "Transformational Government: Creating the Public Administration of the Future" [pdf] (PDF). Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Trésor Public; France Domaine (2007). "State property management and the French public treasury" [pdf] (PDF). Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Le Monde (2007). "How property sales boost government spending". Eurointelligence ASBL. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Moore, Molly (December 26, 2007). "A Place for Some Time Away: France Seeks Buyer To Turn Old Prison Into a Luxury Hotel". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- Business Immo (July 3, 2008). "Eric Woerth wants a single operator for state property". Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- Bizet, Bernard (March 2006). "State real property asset management in France". In Kaganova, Olga; McKellar, James. Managing government property assets: International experiences. Washington DC: Urban Institute Press. pp. 231–270. ISBN 0-87766-730-6. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- OECD, public governance committee (April 2007). "Country Factsheets" [pdf] (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2009.
- France Domaine (2007). "Property management policy of the French State" [pdf] (PDF). Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- Service France Domain — Official website (in French)