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Chenoboskion (Greek Χηνοβόσκιον "geese pasture"), also called Chenoboscium /ˌkɛnəˈbʃəm/ or Sheneset (Coptic: Ϣⲉⲛⲉⲥⲏⲧ Šénesēt),[1] is the name of an early center of Christianity in the Thebaid, Roman Egypt, a site frequented by Desert Fathers from the 3rd century and the site of a monastery from the 4th.

It is close to the modern village of al-Qasr, just east of the larger town of Nag Hammadi, Qena Governorate.[2][3] The Nag Hammadi library, a collection of 2nd-century Gnostic manuscripts discovered in 1945, was found in the Nile cliffs to the north-west.[4]


At Chenoboskion, St Pachomius was converted to Christianity in the 4th century. Pachomius retreated to this place, having ceased his military activity sometime around 310-315 (the approximate figure given is 314), and converted to Christianity whilst dwelling in the desert.[5][3] There is a monastery located at Chenoboskion that is dedicated to St Pachomius.[6]

People moved to the region to be near Saint Anthony the Great. A monastic community formed around the saint for the purpose of spiritual guidance, beginning in Pispir and from there moving eastward. The mountainous area east of Pispir is the place of the present Monastery of Saint Anthony. The settlement of Chenoboskion created from this eastward movement began in the Thebaid.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Wilkinson, John Gardner, Sir Hand-book for travellers in Egypt; including descriptions of the course of the Nile to the second cataract, Alexandria, Cairo, the pyramids, and Thebes, the overland transit to India, the peninsula of Mount Sinai, the oases, &c. Being a new edition, corrected and condensed, of "Modern Egypt and Thebes". John Murray, London. 1847. p. 327. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  2. ^ James M. Robinson, Director and General Editor Translated by Members of the Coptic Gnostic Library Project of the Institute for Antiquity and Christianity [Retrieved 2011-09-25] [Retrieved 2011-09-25]
  3. ^ a b Saint Pachomius, Egyptian monk. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
  4. ^ J.D. McCaughey The Nag Hammadi or Chenoboskion Library A Bibliographical Survey by [Retrieved 2011-09-28] website John Dart page 2 of Unearthing the Lost Words of Jesus: The Discovery and Text of the Lost Gospel of Thomas Ulysees press 1998 [Retrieved 2011-09-28] N. Sri RAM Theosophist Magazine September 1960-April 1961 [Retrieved 2011-09-28] Jean Doresse The Secret Books of the Egyptian Gnosis: Introduction to the Gnostic Coptic Manuscripts Discovered at Chenoboskion [Retrieved 2011-09-28] [Retrieved 2011-09-28] V. R. Gold JSTOR "Gnostic Library of Chenoboskion [Retrieved 2011-09-28] (originally referenced from Biblical Archeologist, 15 (1952) 70-88; from the article written at catholicculture.orgtrinity Communications-( [Retrieved 2011-09-28]
  5. ^ Combs-NagHammadi-GTJ.pdf original text by William W.Combs Grace Theological seminary (1987) Combs-NagHammadi-GTJ.pdf original text by William W.Combs Grace Theological seminary (1987) Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Bonz" Harvard Theological Review retrieved 17:37 GMT
  7. ^ good brother Matthais W.Wahba web-site his references originally from the San Franscisco Coptic Orthodox church of St Antonio[Retrieved 2011-09-25]

Further reading[edit]

  • Palmer, William Egyptian chronicles : with a harmony of sacred and Egyptian chronology, and an appendix on Babylonian and Assyrian antiquities (1861) [Retrieved 2011-09-27]
  • Robert North Chenoboskion and Q [Retrieved 2011-09-27]
  • Elaine Pagels The gnostic gospels [Retrieved 2011-09-27]
  • David M. Scholer Nag Hammadi Bibliography, 1948-1969 this link shows a list of books,those numbered 1259,1358,1419,1420,1424,1425,1441,1442,1445,1463,1464, relate to historical significance of this settlement [Retrieved 2011-09-27]