Governorates of Egypt

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Egypt is divided for administrative purposes into 27 governorates (محافظة muḥāfaẓah  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [moˈħɑfzˤɑ]; genitive case: muḥāfaẓat  [moˈħɑfzˤet]; plural محافظات muḥāfaẓāt  [moħɑfˈzˤɑːt]). Egyptian governorates are the top tier of the country's five-tier jurisdiction hierarchy. A governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion. Most governorates have a population density of more than one thousand per km², while the three largest have a population density of less than two per km².

Governorates of Egypt

Governorates are either fully "urban" or else an admixture of "urban" and "rural". The official distinction between "urban" and "rural" is reflected in the lower tiers: i.e. fully urban governorates have no regions (markaz), as the markaz is, natively, a conglomeration of villages. Moreover, governorates may comprise just one city, as in the case of Cairo or Alexandria. Hence, these one-city governorates are only divided into districts (urban neighborhoods). Cairo consists of 23 districts; Alexandria consists of 6.

Non-urban Governorates in Upper Egypt and along the Suez Canal are all named after their capitals, while governorates in the Nile Delta and the deserts tend to have names different from their capitals (Kafr el-Sheikh, Damietta, and Matruh Governorates being exceptions).

Two new governorates were created in April 2008: Helwan and 6th of October.[1] In April 2011, however, the 6th of October and Helwan governorates were again incorporated into the Giza and Cairo Governorates, respectively.[2] Luxor was created in December 2009, to be the 29th governorate of Egypt, but with the abolition of the 6th of October and Helwan governorates, the number of governorates has decreased to 27.[3]

List of the Egyptian governorates[edit]

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Egyptian governorates[4]
Nr. (key) Name Area (km²) Population (2015) Capital
2 Alexandria 2,300 4,812,186 Alexandria
27 Aswan 62,726 1,431,488 Aswan
22 Asyut 25,926 4,245,215 Asyut
3 Beheira 9,826 5,804,262 Damanhur
19 Beni Suef 10,954 2,856,812 Beni Suef
16 Cairo 3,085 9,278,441 Cairo
5 Dakahlia 3,538 5,949,001 Mansura
6 Damietta 910 1,330,843 Damietta
15 Faiyum 6,068 3,170,150 Faiyum
9 Gharbia 1,942 4,751,865 Tanta
14 Giza 13,184 7,585,115 Giza
13 Ismailia 5,067 1,178,641 Ismailia
4 Kafr el-Sheikh 3,467 3,172,753 Kafr el-Sheikh
26 Luxor 2,410 1,147,058 Luxor
1 Matruh 166,563 447,846 Marsa Matruh
20 Minya 32,279 5,156,702 Minya
10 Monufia 2,499 3,941,293 Shibin el-Kom
21 New Valley 440,098 225,416 Kharga
8 North Sinai 28,992 434,781 Arish
7 Port Said 1,345 666,599 Port Said
11 Qalyubia 1,124 5,105,972 Banha
25 Qena 10,798 3,045,504 Qena
23 Red Sea 119,099 345,775 Hurghada
12 Sharqia 4,911 6,485,412 Zagazig
24 Sohag 11,022 4,603,861 Sohag
18 South Sinai 31,272 167,426 El-Tor
17 Suez 9,002 622,859 Suez
Total 1,010,407 87,963,276

The governorates are further divided into regions (markazes).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reem Leila. "Redrawing the map". Al Ahram Weekly (On-line). Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Luxor announced Egypt’s 29th governorate". Retrieved 2009-12-08. [dead link]
  4. ^ [Central Agency for Public Mobilization And Statistics (CAPMAS) 2015]

External links[edit]