Governorates of Egypt

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Egypt is divided for administrative purposes into 27 governorates (محافظة muḥāfaẓah  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [moˈħɑfzˤɑ]; genitive case: muḥāfaẓat  [moˈħɑfzˤet]; plural محافظات muḥāfaẓāt  [moħɑfˈzˤɑːt]). Egyptian governorates are the top tier of the country's five-tier jurisdiction hierarchy. A governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion. Most governorates have a population density of more than one thousand per km², while the three largest have a population density of less than two per km².

Governorates are either fully "urban" or else an admixture of "urban" and "rural". The official distinction between "urban" and "rural" is reflected in the lower tiers: i.e. fully urban governorates have no regions (markaz), as the markaz is, natively, a conglomeration of villages. Moreover, governorates may comprise just one city, as in the case of Cairo Governorate or Alexandria Governorate. Hence, these one-city governorates are only divided into districts (urban neighborhoods). Cairo Governorate consists of 41 districts; Alexandria Governorate consists of 7.

Non-urban Governorates in Upper Egypt and along the Suez Canal are all named after their capitals, while governorates in the Nile Delta and the deserts tend to have names different from their capitals (Kafr el-Sheikh, Damietta, and Matruh Governorates being exceptions).

Two new governorates were created in April 2008: Helwan and 6th of October.[1] In April 2011, however, the 6th of October and Helwan governorates were again incorporated into the Giza and Cairo Governorates, respectively.[2] Luxor was created in December 2009, to be the 29th governorate of Egypt, but with the abolition of the 6th of October and Helwan governorates, the number of governorates has decreased to 27.[3]

The Arab Republic of Egypt is divided into seven economic regions as follows:[4][5]

List of the Egyptian governorates[edit]

Matruh
2
3
16
Giza
7
North
Sinai
South
Sinai


Faiyum
Beni Suef
Minya
Asyut
Sohag
Qena
Luxor
Aswan
Red Sea
New Valley


Old divisions
Egyptian governorates[6]
Nr. (key) Name Area (km²) Population (2015) Capital
2 Alexandria 2,300 4,812,186 Alexandria
27 Aswan 62,726 1,431,488 Aswan
22 Asyut 25,926 4,245,215 Asyut
3 Beheira 9,826 5,804,262 Damanhur
19 Beni Suef 10,954 2,856,812 Beni Suef
16 Cairo 3,085 9,278,441 Cairo
5 Dakahlia 3,538 5,949,001 Mansura
6 Damietta 910 1,330,843 Damietta
15 Faiyum 6,068 3,170,150 Faiyum
9 Gharbia 1,942 4,751,865 Tanta
14 Giza 13,184 7,585,115 Giza
13 Ismailia 5,067 1,178,641 Ismailia
4 Kafr el-Sheikh 3,467 3,172,753 Kafr el-Sheikh
26 Luxor 2,410 1,147,058 Luxor
1 Matruh 166,563 447,846 Marsa Matruh
20 Minya 32,279 5,156,702 Minya
10 Monufia 2,499 3,941,293 Shibin el-Kom
21 New Valley 440,098 225,416 Kharga
8 North Sinai 28,992 434,781 Arish
7 Port Said 1,345 666,599 Port Said
11 Qalyubia 1,124 5,105,972 Banha
25 Qena 10,798 3,045,504 Qena
23 Red Sea 119,099 345,775 Hurghada
12 Sharqia 4,911 6,485,412 Zagazig
24 Sohag 11,022 4,603,861 Sohag
18 South Sinai 31,272 167,426 El-Tor
17 Suez 9,002 622,859 Suez
Total 1,010,407 87,963,276

The governorates are further divided into regions (markazes).

Demographics by Governorate[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Egypt

Urban and Rural Population of Governorates[edit]

Data taken from CAPMAS:[6]

Governorate  % Urban Population (2015) Rural Urban
Alexandria 98.8 4,812,186 56,698 4,755,488
Aswan 42.3 1,431,488 826,543 604,945
Asyut 26.5 4,245,215 3,119,112 1,126,103
Beheira 19.5 5,804,262 4,674,346 1,129,916
Beni Suef 23.2 2,856,812 2,193,871 662,941
Cairo 100.0 9,278,441 0 9,278,441
Dakahlia 28.2 5,949,001 4,271,428 1,677,573
Damietta 38.7 1,330,843 815,244 515,599
Faiyum 22.5 3,170,150 2,456,368 713,782
Gharbia 30.0 4,751,865 3,324,630 1,427,235
Giza 58.6 7,585,115 3,138,310 4,446,805
Ismailia 45.4 1,178,641 643,778 534,863
Kafr el-Sheikh 23.1 3,172,753 2,441,246 731,507
Luxor 37.8 1,147,058 713,422 433,636
Matruh 70.6 447,846 131,841 316,005
Minya 18.9 5,156,702 4,183,284 973,418
Monufia 20.6 3,941,293 3,128,460 812,833
New Valley 48.0 225,416 117,180 108,236
North Sinai 60.2 434,781 173,095 261,686
Port Said 100.0 666,599 0 666,599
Qalyubia 44.7 5,105,972 2,825,045 2,280,927
Qena 19.7 3,045,504 2,445,051 600,453
Red Sea 95.1 345,775 17,062 328,713
Sharqia 23.1 6,485,412 4,987,707 1,497,705
Sohag 21.4 4,603,861 3,618,543 985,318
South Sinai 51.1 167,426 81,924 85,502
Suez 100.0 622,859 0 622,859
Total 42.7 87,963,276 50,384,188 37,579,088

Population Density by Governorate[edit]

Egyptian Population Density in pre-2013 administrative divisions[dated info]

Data taken from CAPMAS:.[6] Information for population is in thousands, pop density - persons/sq.km and area is in sq.km.

Governorate Population in thousands (2014-07-01) Pop. Density (Inhabited Area) Pop. Density (Total Area) % Inhabited to Total Inhabited Area Total Area
Alexandria 4,761 2,841.5 2,070.0 72.8 1,675.50 2,300.00
Aswan 1,412 13,477.1 22.5 0.2 104.77 62,726.00
Asyut 4,181 2,656.3 161.3 6.1 1,574.00 25,926.00
Beheira 5,720 806.3 582.1 72.2 7,093.84 9,826.00
Beni Suef 2,812 2,053.4 256.7 12.5 1,369.41 10,954.00
Cairo 9,184 48,235.3 2,976.8 6.2 190.40 3,085.12
Dakahlia 5,881 1,662.1 1,662.1 100.0 3,538.23 3,538.23
Damietta 1,316 1,968.7 1,445.7 73.4 668.47 910.26
Faiyum 3,118 1,680.0 513.8 30.6 1,856.00 6,068.00
Gharbia 4,698 2,418.7 2,418.7 100.0 1,942.34 1,942.34
Giza 7,487 6,286.3 567.9 9.0 1,191.00 13,184.00
Ismailia 1,162 229.3 229.3 100.0 5,066.97 5,066.97
Kafr el-Sheikh 3,132 903.5 903.5 100.0 3,466.69 3,466.69
Luxor 1,132 4,992.7 469.8 9.4 226.73 2,409.68
Matruh 437 111.4 2.6 2.4 3,921.40 166,563.00
Minya 5,076 2,104.8 157.3 7.5 2,411.65 32,279.00
Monufia 3,890 1,596.9 1,556.6 97.5 2,435.93 2,499.00
New Valley 222 205.1 0.5 0.2 1,082.24 440,098.00
North Sinai 428 203.7 14.8 7.2 2,100.84 28,992.00
Port Said 660 499.7 490.7 98.2 1,320.68 1,344.96
Qalyubia 5,044 4,702.1 4,486.4 95.4 1,072.72 1,124.28
Qena 3,001 1,724.1 277.9 16.1 1,740.63 10,798.00
Red Sea 341 4,794.0 2.9 0.1 71.13 119,099.13
Sharqia 6,402 1,343.7 1,303.6 97.0 4,764.28 4,911.00
Sohag 4,536 2,845.8 411.5 14.5 1,593.92 11,022.00
South Sinai 166 9.9 5.3 53.7 16,791.00 31,272.00
Suez 615 68.3 68.3 100.0 9,002.21 9,002.21
Total 86,814 1109.1 85.9 7.8 78272.98 1010407.87

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reem Leila. "Redrawing the map". Al Ahram Weekly (On-line). Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  2. ^ http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/0/10037/Egypt/Egypts-PM-centralises-Helwan-and--October-governor.aspx
  3. ^ "Luxor announced Egypt’s 29th governorate". Retrieved 2009-12-08. [dead link]
  4. ^ "الهيئة العامة للاستعلامات نظام الإدارة المحلية". www.sis.gov.eg. Retrieved 2015-08-01. 
  5. ^ "Geographical maps" (in Arabic). Retrieved 2015-08-01. 
  6. ^ a b c "Egypt in Figures 2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Retrieved 2015-08-01. 

External links[edit]